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도움말:사이트 링크

This page is a translated version of the page Help:Sitelinks and the translation is 25% complete.

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새로운 사이트링크 추가

사이트 링크(위키간 링크, 언어간 링크)는 사이트명과 문서명으로 이루어지는 특별한 링크이며 위키데이터의 개별 항목을 위키백과, 위키문헌, 위키여행 등 다른 위키미디어 사이트와 접속하는 것입니다.

Contents

언어에 치우치지 않는 일반적인 원칙

 
위키데이터를 시작하기 전: 모든 언어판 사이에 언어간 링크가 붙어져있다
 
위키데이터를 시작하고나서: 하나 중심으로부터 모든 언어판에 사이트 링크가 붙어져있다

사용법

보통, 항목에는 위키백과, 위키여행, 위키문헌, 위키인용집, 위키미디어 공용 중의 위키미디어 사이트에 대응하는 문서가 있습니다(몇개 예외도 있습니다). 적어도 하나의 사이트 링크가 있는 것으로 항목이 위키데이터의 입항 기준을 만족하고 있는 것이 보증됩니다. 또, 사이트 링크는 항목이 중복하지 그저 하나의 개념을 나타내고 있는 것을 확인하는 것에도 도움이 됩니다. 복수의 항목이 같은 위키미디어 문서에 대응하는 것 같은 경우에는 그들의 항목을 합칠 필요가 있습니다.

사이트 링크는 이전의 언어간 링크를 대신하는 것입니다. 언어간 링크는 어느 위키미디어 사이트의 문서로부터 그 문서의 다른 언어 문서로의 링크로 사용되고 있었습니다(예를들면, 영어판 위키백과 파리에서 프랑스어판 위키백과의 파리로 링크를 거는 것). 이 언어간 링크는 각 위키미디어 사이트의 각 언어마다 개별로 보관돼서 관리됐으며 그렇기 때문에 어느 사이트 상에서 문서명이 바뀌면 다른 모든 언어판은 그 변경의 영향을 받아서 링크를 그때마다 새로고칠 필요가 있었습니다. 이 시스템을 개선하기 위해서 사이트 링크는 위키데이터에 모든 것을 집중화하고 있습니다.

위키미디어 사이트 문서로 가는 링크

위키데이터에서 사이트 링크를 지원하는 곳은 위키백과, 위키뉴스, 위키인용집, 위키문헌, 위키여행, 위키북스와 위키미디어 공용입니다(그 외의 위키미디어 자매 프로젝트도 추가 예정). 또 사이트의 식별조는 각각, 위키백과라면 영어판은 enwiki, 프랑스어판은 frwiki가 되며, 공용은 commonswiki입니다. 또, 위키미디어 자매 프로젝트의 한국어판을 나타낸다면 kowikinews, kowikiquotekowikisourcekowikivoyage 등의 형식을 취합니다.

Sitelinks are for linking items to standalone pages that already exist on Wikimedia sites. Wikidata sitelinks do not support anchors (links to a specific section of a page). Anchors are preceded by the "#" character on Wikimedia sites.

For example, a sitelink for the item for The Beatles (Q1299) should only link to the Wikipedia page on The Beatles (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles) — and not any sections of that page, such as http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles#Discography. Moreover, it's not possible for any item on Wikidata to link to just the Discography section of The Beatles page because this would require an anchor link. However, it would be possible to link a different item, The Beatles discography (Q829965) to a different Wikipedia page (i.e. one that is completely devoted to The Beatles discography, such as http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Beatles_discography).

It is, however, possible to maintain sitelinks for anchors outside of Wikidata and locally on Wikimedia sites. Please see Interlanguage links with anchors section for more on this.

Note that each Wikimedia/Wikipedia page can only have one sitelink to any one Wikidata item page. You will receive an error message when attempting to add a new sitelink if the page is already connected to another item page (even when trying to link to a redirect page pointing to this particular page). If you receive an error message but believe the item you are editing is the most appropriate one for a sitelink, you may need to merge two items.
Please consult Help:Merge or visit Wikidata:Interwiki conflicts to report a conflict and ask for others to look at the situation.

Alternatively use local interlanguage links.
See for example the English Wikipedia redirect "Planform (aeronautics)" redirecting to English Wikipedia page en:Wing configuration. The page en:Wing configuration is linked to the Wikidata item page wing configuration (Q2992500).
Also since wing surface (Q2643782) has no sitelink to the English Wikipedia yet, it may seem like a good idea to establish a sitelink to en:Planform (aeronautics).
But because en:Planform (aeronautics) is a redirect to en:Wing configuration taking this action would be prevented the system: In Wikidata there can only be a single sitelink to any Wikimedia/ Wikipedia page. The workaround would be to add interlanguage links to the local source code of all pages in the relevant languages as wikitext.

A more detailed discussion on how to connect multiple related pages on two and more Wikipedia language editions: Help:Handling sitelinks overlapping multiple items.

Wiktionary

Sitelinks for Wiktionary have specific tools and rules described on Wikidata:Wiktionary/Sitelinks.

Languages

Sitelinks can be added to Wikimedia sites in more than 200 languages. When adding a sitelink for an item, you will need to input both the language of the Wikimedia site page that the item corresponds to and the title of the page as it appears on the Wikimedia site. You can only add a sitelink for a language and a Wikimedia site if a page on that language version of the Wikimedia site already exists.

Badges

Badges for good and featured articles are stored on Wikidata right in front of the sitelink.

Namespaces

The Wikidata community agreed in an RFC that all namespaces of Wikimedia projects other than "User" are eligible for storage on Wikidata. This means that in addition to sitelinks for pages like Wikipedia articles, Wikisource texts, and Wikimedia Commons files, sitelinks for categories, templates, and help pages can also be stored in Wikidata. For an example of a Wikidata item referring to a namespace, see item Wikimedia category (Q4167836), which includes sitelinks to w:Wikipedia:Categorization, q:Help:Category, and voy:Wikivoyage:Categories.

Note that only when adding a sitelink for a page that is outside of a Wikimedia site's main namespace you need to keep the namespace in the page title.

Examples:

Wikidata item: Wikimedia category (Q4167836)
Wikiquote page to add as sitelink: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Help:Category
Wikimedia site to add under "Language Code": English enwikiquote
Page title to add under "Linked page": Help:Category

Wikidata item: Joan of Arc (Q7226)
Wikiquote page to add as sitelink: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Joan_of_Arc
Wikiquote site to add under "Language Code": English enwikiquote
Page title to add under "Linked page": Joan of Arc

Guidelines for using sitelinks on other Wikimedia sites

Managing Wikidata sitelinks

Editors on the English Wikipedia have created a great page with all the necessary information for editors. Much of the information will be relevant to contributors on other Wikimedia projects too.

Suppression of Wikidata links

An individual page on a Wikimedia site can completely suppress Wikidata sitelinks by using the {{noexternallanglinks}} magic word. The magic word also supports suppression of sitelinks from only specific languages, for example, "{{noexternallanglinks:es|fr|it}}" would suppress only the Spanish, French, and Italian links. Neither of these uses prevents Wikidata from listing all sitelinks of an item.

Interlanguage links with anchors

 
Screenshot of "Languages" (Wikidata sitelinks) highlighted on a Wikimedia page

In the previous system of interlanguage links, an anchor link was used when a Wikimedia site did not have an exact match in another language for a corresponding page, but did have a page that dealt in part with the same subject. As discussed above, Wikidata does not support anchors as sitelinks, so interlanguage links with anchors must be retained locally on the Wikimedia sites (not Wikidata) if desired.

An example of this practice is the English Wikipedia page on "survival function". An equivalent page on "survival function" also exists on the Spanish Wikipedia and Sudanese Wikipedia, but there is no equivalent page for it on the French Wikipedia.
Instead a link pointing to a section of a page (also called an anchor) in the French Wikipedia Analyse de survie#Fonction de survie is placed locally in the wikitext of the page on the English Wikipedia.
While the "Languages" section on the left side menu of the survival function page on English Wikipedia displays links for all languages, only the Spanish and Sudanese ones are provided by Wikidata (via the item page for survival function (Q2915096)). The French one is generated locally from the anchor link.

Talk pages

When linking from a Wikidata talk page (or most other pages other than items) to another Wikimedia project, a prefix is used in the wiki markup. For example, of one wished to link to the documentation about JSON format on mediawiki.org, one could write [[mediawikiwiki:Wikibase/DataModel/JSON]] and the result would be mediawikiwiki:Wikibase/DataModel/JSON.

A table of available prefixes may be found at Special:Interwiki.

See also

For related Help pages, see:

  • Help:Items, which explains what items are and what rules they follow
  • Help:Merge, which explains what merges are and how to perform one
  • Help:Badges, which explains badges

For additional information and guidance, see:

  • Project chat, for discussing all and any aspects of Wikidata
  • Wikidata:Glossary, the glossary of terms used in this and other Help pages
  • Help:FAQ, frequently asked questions asked and answered by the Wikidata community
  • Help:Contents, the Help portal featuring all the documentation available for Wikidata