SELECT ?class ?classLabel (SAMPLE(?item) AS ?sample) WHERE {
  ?class wdt:P279+ wd:Q62447.
  OPTIONAL { ?item wdt:P31 ?class. }
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en". }
GROUP BY ?class ?classLabel
Try it!

Voir aussi :

Classification of the class aerodrome (Q62447)  View with Reasonator View with SQID
For help about classification, see Wikidata:Classification.
Parent classes (classes of items which contain this one item)
Subclasses (classes which contain special kinds of items of this class)
aerodrome⟩ on wikidata tree visualisation (external tool)(depth=1)
Generic queries for classes

Sous-classes d'aérodrome.