維基數據:代用帳戶

This page is a translated version of the page Wikidata:Alternate accounts and the translation is 54% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.

一般編輯者的共識是只應該使用一個賬戶,但仍有一些人有各種理由使用多於一個賬戶。這種多餘的賬戶被稱作代用賬戶(也稱作傀儡、馬甲等)

概要

Editors are expected to edit primarily from a single account, used by a single person. There are a number of circumstances, listed below, where having alternate accounts is considered acceptable. Alternate accounts may have names that do not make it immediate obvious that they are alternate accounts, and may have names that do not make it immediately obvious to which main account they are related, but they must prominently link to the main account on their userpages. All alternate accounts must be declared if the main account is running for any position that requires a community discussion (bot, administrator, bureaucrat, checkuser, or oversighter).

With the exception of the confirmed, IP block exempt, bot, flooder, property creator, and rollbacker user rights, editors may only have user rights and advanced permissions on their main account. If an editor is discovered to have user rights or advanced permissions such as translation administrator, administrator, bureaucrat, checkuser, or oversighter on more than one account that they control, it is grounds for immediate removal of those rights on all accounts that the editor controls. Wikimedia and WMDE staff accounts are not included in this section for the purposes of multiple accounts with advanced permissions; otherwise, the sole exception is that an administrator may operate an "adminbot" with the sysop flag on an alternate account after approval from the community according to the bot policy.

可以使用代用賬戶的正當理由

注释:下面的列表還不完整。其他用戶可能亦符合如下條件。
  • 安全因素:由於公共計算機多數被安裝盜號木馬鍵盤記錄軟體,用戶可以註冊一個替代賬戶,以防止他們的主用賬戶被劫持。
  • 測試和培訓用途:一些用戶應用了大量的腳本和其他工具並且希望保持第二用途,這種帶有"香草味"的賬戶,測試這些如何將應用于他人;或在培訓新手時展示維基數據的默認外觀。
  • 分身账户:分身账户是为了防止与该用户名相类似的用户名被恶意抢注从而造成利益冲突而创建的。这种账户不应该做出任何编辑。
  • Flooders: Users that undertake high volume manual or semi-automatic edits, and are frequent use of the flooder flag, may wish to create a second account for those tasks for organizational reasons.
  • 機械人:操作機械人或類似自動編輯程式的用戶,需要運作機械人賬戶以便進行。

Alternate accounts must be publicly declared, and the userpages of the alternate accounts must link back to the main account in an obvious fashion. Common ways of doing this include redirecting the user and talk pages of the alternate to the user and talk pages of the main account, using a template such as {{Bot}} that specifies the master account, or leaving a linked message in text at the top of the user page. If alternate accounts do not link to the main account, they are not considered legitimate alternate accounts.

不正當使用代用賬戶的情況

多重維基數據用戶賬戶不當利用的行為就被稱作傀儡

  • Manipulating discussions: Attempting to sway the outcome of a discussion through the use of multiple accounts is, regardless of intent, never acceptable. Examples of using alternate accounts to manipulate discussions include using multiple accounts to stack votes, using an account to make straw man arguments, or using an alternate account to appear as a neutral third-party or neutral observer.
  • Circumventing sanctions or blocks: Alternate accounts, even legitimate alternate accounts, may not be used to circumvent a block or editing restriction. Unless otherwise stated by the admin placing the block or restriction, a block or editing restriction placed on the main account applies to the person behind the account, regardless of which account they use. It should go without saying that creating an account ahead of time to commit vandalism or harassment, or to otherwise improperly or maliciously edit in the hopes that the burn account will not be traced back to the original user, is unacceptable.
  • Accounts that do not serve a productive purpose: With the exception of doppelgänger accounts, the expectation is that alternate accounts will be used to constructively edit the project. Creating an account just to joke around with, or just to have an alternate account, while not as serious as the above two points, is still considered an illegitimate use of alternate accounts.

It should also be noted that simply logging out, or otherwise using an IP address instead of an account, in order to do any of these things will also be treated as an illegitimate use.

處理不合法帳戶

在缺乏本地用户查核员的情况下,维基数据上的用户查核请求应前往元维基向监管员提出。如果其他wiki已经查核出某账户就是某用户傀儡的话,任何管理员也有权因此在本地封禁这个傀儡,不过一般情况下只要监管员出面全域封锁这个傀儡即可。

任何被查核出的傀儡账户必定永久封禁。IP地址则会封禁至少几周甚至长达1年,强烈建议不要对IP地址永久封禁。

Depending on the individual circumstances, including what actions were taken by the illegitimate alternate accounts and whether or not it is a first offense, Wikidata administrators can choose to warn a sockmaster (an operator of illegitimate accounts), block the main account for a defined period of time, or block the main account indefinitely, in addition to the indefinite blocks of the alternate accounts.