Wikidata:Guida per gli Amministratori
Questa pagina offre consigli su come utilizzare in modo appropriato gli strumenti di amministrazione agli amministratori e aspiranti tali di Wikidata, Questa non è una pagina che stabilisce delle regole, ma è un saggio!
Ci sono due importanti differenze fra le funzioni di amministratore su Wikidata e quelle della maggior parte dei progetti Wikimedia. Esse sono:
- A differenza delle azioni effettuate nella maggior parte dei progetti Wikimedia, le azioni intraprese su Wikidata potenzialmente sono in grado di influenzare l'intera comunità di Wikimedia — centinaia di altri progetti wiki. Questo ha implicazioni sia nella cancellazione degli elementi, che nell'interazione con i contributori.
- A differenza dei contributori della maggior parte degli altri progetti Wikimedia, non si può assumere che i contributori di Wikidata possano comprendere un linguaggio comune. Bisogna prestare attenzione a non discriminare i contributori che non parlano la tua propria stessa lingua.
Le somiglianze tra le funzioni di amministrazione in Wikidata e gli altri progetti Wikimedia sono molteplici. L'amministratore:
- è tenuto a mettere in atto il consenso della comunità.
- è tenuto ad agire nel migliore dei modi per l'interesse del progetto.
- è tenuto a consultarsi con gli altri amministratori, se non è sicuro di un'azione.
- dovrebbe ammettere quando commette un errore e fare del proprio meglio per risolverlo.
- dovrebbe rendere reperibile sul progetto che è amministratore.
- dovrebbe aiutare gli utenti quando lo richiedono, o indirizzarli a qualcuno o da qualche altra parte dove possono ricevere aiuto. Lasciare che la gente sappia quando è in Wikipausa.
- Add Babel info on your userpage, so other users will know which languages you speak or understand.
- Make sure email is enabled in your preferences and working properly.
- It is considered bad practice for an admin to ask editors to leave them messages on some other wiki. You are expected to remain reasonably available on Wikidata, and to check your Wikidata talk page regularly.
- Mention your adminship on your user page by this userbox or some other method.
Suggestions for new admins
- Read the deletion policy and the top section of Wikidata:Requests for deletions.
- You may want to put these pages on your watchlist, especially the first two, if you have not done so already: Wikidata:Project chat, Wikidata:Administrators' noticeboard, Wikidata:Requests for deletions, and Wikidata:Properties for deletion.
- Please be civil and avoid drama. It underpins the way we try to work here. We don't want to become like some other wikis you may have come across where it sometimes seems that more energy is expended on user conflicts than in actually doing any constructive work.
- Have a look at the list of Gadgets, on the bottom there are the ones specifically for admins.
Impact of item deletion
Wikidata is serving 99 641 961 items to other Wikimedia wikis. Therefore, a deletion on Wikidata is likely to impact dozens of other wikis.
Impact of user interaction
Wikidata supports the other Wikimedia projects, but we can only succeed with the support of these other projects too. Why? Because it's the attitude of local projects towards Wikidata that determines whether or not those communities will encourage their users use and contribute to Wikidata. Therefore, keep in mind that when communicating with other users you may be seen as representing "Wikidata" in its entirety. It's important to be polite and patient.
When we perform actions whether as individuals (deleting single items) or as a community (such as in requests for comment), we must take care to explain the reasoning behind our actions, and accept and use the input of users of all Wikimedia projects. In community discussions, in many respects (but not always), the Wikidata community is the Wikimedia community. We have duties to all those users, not just the ones with active accounts at Wikidata.
Good communication and a willingness to accept feedback are not optional extras for an admin. Good communication is particularly important because without it decisions cannot easily be reviewed and understood.
No language should be prioritised over any other, when practicable. No user should be disadvantaged because of the languages they can or cannot speak. If you have hints that a user doesn't speak your language, make an effort to get your messages to them translated. The onus is on you, not the user. See Wikidata:Administrators by language to find an administrator that does speak the other user's language.
Deletion and undeletion
- Key policy: Wikidata:Deletion policy
- Wikidata:Requests for deletions
- Wikidata:Properties for deletion
Wikidata's requests for deletion are often backlogged. Your help is definitely needed in this area.
Note that item deletion may impact all Wikimedia wikis. As an admin, you must always be willing to explain why you have deleted an item. More specifically, you should always provide a brief justification for your deletion decision in the edit summary, and you should respond promptly and politely to any subsequent user queries that are posted to your talk page. Sometimes, an editor who has just had their item deleted will be angry. In responding, remember that you are representing the whole Wikidata community, and be ready to explain your decision calmly and clearly using wikilinks where needed to point the user in the right direction. More often than you might think, a clear and sympathetic explanation can convert an initially angry newbie into a useful contributor.
If circumstances change significantly (for example, if an editor indicates the notability of an item), you should undelete it as soon as possible.
Revision deletion (revdeletion or revdel) is a way of deleting specific revisions of a page without deleting the entire page. It is usually used on libelous vandalism.
Blocking and unblocking
- Key policy: Wikidata:Blocking policy
Have your email confirmed, so blocked users can contact you (and let them know this). Blocked users are also usually able to edit their talk page. Keep in mind the principles of #Multilinguality mentioned above.
Note that Wikidata currently has no formal three revert rule. This doesn't mean that edit warring is acceptable. If you notice edit warring, push the participants to discussion, warn, and finally if necessary block.
Protecting and unprotecting
- Key pages: Wikidata:Administrators' noticeboard (for requesting protection/unprotection)
- Key policy: Wikidata:Page protection policy
Don't protect preemptively. Use semi-protection whenever possible. In general, avoid cascading protection.
In the case of serious disputes and revert wars, protect and send the users to the talk page to sort out consensus.
In the case of repeated vandalism, a short block to the user or IP is preferred because it attacks the problem at its source and doesn't disadvantage other well-meaning users. Semi-protection may be required if there are multiple vandals, however.
- Guideline: Wikidata:Rollback
This tool allows for fast reverting of the last edit(s) to a page. It's similar to the undo function, however, this will undo all consecutive edits by the same user, thus restoring the latest version made by a user other than the last. It generates a auto-summary and saves automatically. (Non-admins can request this tool here.)
Administrators are able to create properties via Special:NewProperty. This should only be done after a discussion to create a certain property has resulted in consensus. (Non-admins can request this right here.)
Vandalism and vandal fighting
Avoid labelling people's efforts as vandalism. True vandals know that what they are doing is wrong; you don't gain much from telling them again. For people who believe they really are editing in the best interests of the wiki, calling them "vandals" is inflammatory and unhelpful.
If you speak languages other than English
- Please participate at the project chat in your language. This is one of the few places users can ask for help in their own language.
Checklist of stuff you should know
This is stuff you should come across or be aware of before considering becoming an admin. It's not a complete list. (if the question doesn't have an answer in parenthesis... that's because you REALLY need to know the answer to it before you consider standing... and if you don't already know, or don't know how to find out on your own, you probably haven't been around enough to have picked up the norms here yet)
- What is notability? (WD:N)
- What items should be merged and how to merge them? (WD:Merge)
- When is it appropriate to use page protection (including cascading)? (WD:PPP)
- When is it appropriate to block users? (WD:BLOCK)
- What is the correct procedure for nominating an item or property for deletion/undeletion?
- How to find an admin that speaks a particular language, when you need to?
- Where users should seek opinions and help?
Where your help is needed
Wikidata is frequently backlogged in the deletion area.