Wikidata:List of properties/Citing sources

Wikidata property to indicate a source (Q18608359)

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
imageP18Commons media fileimage of relevant illustration of the subject; if available, use more specific properties (sample: coat of arms image, locator map, flag image, signature image, logo image, collage image); only images which exist on Wikimedia Commons are acceptableHal Koerner <image> HalKoerner2009.jpg-
authorP50Itemmain creator(s) of a written work (use on works, not humans); use P2093 when Wikidata item is unknown or does not existPride and Prejudice <author> Jane Austen-
publisherP123Itemorganization or person responsible for publishing books, periodicals, games or softwareThe Oxford English Dictionary <publisher> Oxford University Press-
imported from Wikimedia projectP143Itemsource of this claim's value; used in references section by bots importing data from Wikimedia projects; also allowed to be used for manual imports-
part of the seriesP179Itemseries which contains the subjectThe Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe <part of the series> The Chronicles of Narnia-
stated inP248Itemto be used in the references field to refer to the information document or database in which a claim is made; for qualifiers use P805-
place of publicationP291Itemgeographical place of publication of the edition (use 1st edition when referring to works)Le petit prince <place of publication> New York City-
page(s)P304Stringpage number of source referenced for statement-
language of work or nameP407Itemlanguage associated with this creative work (such as books, shows, songs, or websites) or a name (for persons use "native language" (P103) and "languages spoken, written or signed" (P1412))Bible <language of work or name> Biblical Hebrew-
issueP433Stringissue of a newspaper, a scientific journal or magazine for reference purposeReview of Particle Physics <issue> 1-
volumeP478Stringvolume of a book or music release in a collection/series or a published collection of journal issues in a serial publicationPrincipia Mathematica II <volume> 2-
publication dateP577Point in timedate or point in time when a work was first published or releasedThe standardisation of mineral group hierarchies: application to recent nomenclature proposals <publication date> 2009-
chapterP792Stringtitle or number of the chapter where a claim is madeJules Verne <chapter> VII-
retrievedP813Point in timedate or point in time that information was retrieved from a database or website (for use in online sources)-
reference URLP854URLshould be used for Internet URLs as references. Use "Wikimedia import URL" (P4656) for interwiki linksJames Barry <reference URL> http://newscientist.com/article/mg19726462.000-histories-the-male-military-surgeon-who-wasnt.html-
printed byP872Itemorganization or person who printed the creative work (if different from "publisher")Gutenberg Bible <printed by> Johannes Gutenberg-
based on heuristicP887Itemindicates that the property value is determined based on some heuristic (Q201413); to be used as source-
section, verse, paragraph, or clauseP958Stringparagraph, or other kind of special indication to find information on a page or on a document (legal texts etc.)-
archive URLP1065URLURL to the archived web page specified with URL propertyDisturbed's Draiman on Band's Hiatus: 'It's the Right Time to Step Away' <archive URL> http://web.archive.org/web/20130312103925/http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/468770/disturbeds-draiman-on-bands-hiatus-its-the-right-time-to-step-away-
described by sourceP1343Itemreference work where this item is describedVladimir K. Zworykin <described by source> Brockhaus Enzyklopädie (19 ed.)-
published inP1433Itemlarger work that a given work was published in, like a book, journal or music albumTo a Creole Lady <published in> Les Fleurs du mal-
titleP1476Monolingual textpublished title of a work, such as a newspaper article, a literary work, a website, or a performance workNature <title> Nature(en-gb)-
subtitleP1680Monolingual textfor works, when the title is followed by a subtitleLes Rougon-Macquart <subtitle> Histoire naturelle et sociale d'une famille sous le Second Empire(fr)-
quotationP1683Monolingual textquotation supporting the statement claim (to be used in the reference field only)-
author name stringP2093Stringstring to store unspecified author name for publications; use if Wikidata item for author (P50) does not exist or is not knownGlobal, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990-2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition <author name string> Zulfiqar A Bhutta-
archive dateP2960Point in timedate a document was archived-
inferred fromP3452Itemstatement added based on related statement found on the following item, not the entity described by the item (to be used in a source field)-
type of referenceP3865Itemused to specify the type of a referenceJoris Ivens <type of reference> death notice-
columnP3903Stringtypographical column in the page of a document-
Wikimedia import URLP4656URLURL of source to indicate the page or revision of an import source from another Wikimedia project (except actual references, such as Wikisource source texts). Use instead of "reference URL" (P854)-
last updateP5017Point in timedate a reference was modified, revised, or updated-
registration districtP5564Itemreference property indicating location for references to a civil or ecclesiastical registry-
iNaturalist observation IDP5683External identifierobservation identifier in iNaturalist-
reference has roleP6184Itemrole, or specific nature, of the given referenceTriticum <reference has role> first description-
title of broader workP6333Monolingual texttitle of website, journal or other work in which an article (or other publication) is published in. Use "published in" (P1433) instead if possible.-
stroke orderP6655Commons media filemedia file showing the order of strokes in a CJKV character <stroke order> 力-order.gif-
WoRMS source IDP6678External identifieridentifier of a source in the WoRMS databaseNote préliminaire sur quelques Astéries et Ophiures provenant des campagnes de la Princesse-Alice <WoRMS source ID> 139320-
folio(s)P7416Stringfolio number of reference for statement-
line(s)P7421Stringline number(s) of reference for claim-
SSNE person IDP7776External identifieridentifier of The Scotland, Scandinavia and Northern European Biographical DatabaseSir John Maclean, 1st Baronet <SSNE person ID> 1631-
filename in archiveP7793Stringqualifier and referencing property to identify the specific file within a compressed archive that is relevant to a statementNRS list of Scottish districts <filename in archive> Lookup - Local Government District.csv-
Wikimedia community discussionP7930URL(usually used as reference) a community discussion (in Wikidata or other Wikimedia) about a specific statement, or (rarely) an entity in general which may affect the content of the entity-