See, especially, explanations about books:
For the ancient religions, the people and the religion are often confused and designated by the same name. In that case, there should exist two items: one for the people and one for the religion. The labels should not contain the word "religion", if it's possible to avoid it. It is nevertheless recommended to add an alias "<people> religion".
Among the general rules about labels, the most frequent error is to start the label by a capital letter.
There are no specific rules concerning the description of a religion, see the general help about descriptions.
Every property must cite source, generally with stated in (P248).
About religious movements themselvesEdit
- is a religion (even schools, churches, movements, etc.) and is thus a subclass of (P279) of one (or several) religion(s). This classification does not necessarily reflect the historic links or the characteristics of religions, it must be the reflect of the one used by specialists, that consider religions from all angles (history, culture, philosophy, etc.). Religions not being part of more generic movement(s) are subclass of (P279) religion (Q9174). NOTE: Do not use part of (P361). An instance of religion being a concept too difficult to define (ending at one instance by human being), do not use instance of (P31) = religion (Q9174), because of subclass inheritance.
- has a inception (P571) (even an uncertain one, cf. the Dates section below),
- a location of formation (P740),
- one or more located on terrain feature (P706),
- along with the period for which it's true (see below for how to use dates),
- is has quality (P1552) philosophico-religious concepts. Examples: see below.
|subclass of||P279||Item||subclass of: all instances of these items are instances of those items; this item is a class (subset) of that item. Not to be confused with P31 (instance of)||Baptists <subclass of> Protestantism||-|
|inception||P571||Point in time||date of establishment: date or point in time when the subject came into existence as defined||Islam <inception> 610||dissolved, abolished or demolished|
|location of formation||P740||Item||location where a group or organization was formed||Christianity <location of formation> Jerusalem||-|
|located on terrain feature||P706||Item||landform: located on the specified landform. Should not be used when the value is only political/administrative (P131) or a mountain range (P4552).||Manichaeism <located on terrain feature> Gaul||-|
|point in time||P585||Point in time||point in time: time and date something took place, existed or a statement was true||Manichaeism <located on terrain feature> Gaul|
<point in time> 4. siècle
|has quality||P1552||Item||quality: the entity has an inherent or distinguishing non-material characteristic||atenism <has quality> monotheism||-|
Every item should (probably) be has quality (P1552) philosophico-religious concepts.
- Number of god(s): polytheism (Q9163), Henotheism (Q150395), monotheism (Q9159), atheism (Q7066), …
- Structure: syncretism (Q172904), Greco-Roman mysteries (Q505821),
- Concepts: Anatta (Q488506), reincarnation (Q128593), Mysticism (Q45996), apocalypticism (Q618859), gnosticism (Q48420), millenarianism (Q467687), Resurrection of the dead (Q2997437), Messianic Age (Q2072928), Day of Judgment (Q1821239), ,…
A religion can have:
- a founded by (P112),
- and be named after (P138) him,
- a foundational text (P457),
- a dissolved, abolished or demolished (P576) ; NOTE : do not use end time (P582), reserved for qualifiers, do not use date of disappearance (P746), reserved for people.
- and a end cause (P1534), if need be,
- a time of earliest written record (P1249),
- use stated in (P248) as a qualifier, to indicate the written record itself,
- for more generic events (that do not lead to the birth of new movements, for instance), use significant event (P793).
- a population (P1082), if data is available,
- do not forget to add the point in time (P585) qualifier to indicate the date of validity of the census source.
|founded by||P112||Item||organizational founder: founder or co-founder of this organization, religion or place||Islam <founded by> Muhammad||-|
|dissolved, abolished or demolished||P576||Point in time||dissolved, abolished or demolished date: point in time at which the subject (organisation, building) ceased to exist; see "date of official closure" (P3999) for closing a facility, "service retirement" (P730) for retiring equipment, "discontinued date" (P2669) for stopping a product||Arianism <dissolved, abolished or demolished> 689||inception|
|end cause||P1534||Item||end cause and Wikidata end cause: qualifier to use together with the end date qualifier (P582) to specify the cause||Catharism <dissolved, abolished or demolished> 1321|
<end cause> Inquisition
|time of earliest written record||P1249||Point in time||earliest written record: first time a subject was mentioned in writing||Manichaeism <time of earliest written record> 242||-|
|stated in||P248||Item||to be used in the references field to refer to the information document or database in which a claim is made; for qualifiers use P805||Manichaeism <time of earliest written record> 242|
<stated in> Shabuhragan
|named after||P138||Item||eponym and memorial society: entity or event that inspired the subject's name, or namesake (in at least one language)||Buddhism <named after> Buddha||-|
|foundational text||P457||Item||articles of association: text through which an institution or object has been created or established||Islam <foundational text> Quran||-|
|significant event||P793||Item||key event: significant or notable events associated with the subject||Zoroastrianism <significant event> Muslim conquest of Persia||-|
Links between religionsEdit
The notion of link between religions is a sensitive issue and lead easily to subjective bias, it is thus vital for every link property to cite sources.
Every link should be dated in such a way that the period under which the influence exists (for example, the founder life, cf. the Dates section).
Because of the difficulty to avoid subjective bias, it is highly touted to use the influenced by (P737) property, to the exclusion of all others, in any case. However, in cases where a source clearly states it, separated from (P807) can be used (possibly along with influenced by (P737)).
- Properties based on (P144) and inspired by (P941) are reserved for work (Q386724). While a religion can be considered as a (fiction) work of the (human) mind, it is probable that it would be perceived as a strongly subjective opinion.
- Do not use school of (P1780), because it is reserved for qualifiers and that the limit between a "school" and a fully-fledged religion cannot be rigorously defined.
- In the specific case of temporal series (for instance with greek religions), one can be tempted to use follows (P155) and followed by (P156). However, we advise against their use, because a movement that seems to have evolved in another could have lasted after it, without it being noticed (see, for example, the cult of Isis (Q39742)).
Religions may be gathered in a category defined by another criterion than their belief system, for example by the location or culture of origin. In that specific case, the religion is part of (P361) the category. Note: it is impossible to use subclass of (P279), which is kept for structural relationships.
|influenced by||P737||Item||influence: this person, idea, etc. is informed by that other person, idea, etc., e.g. "Heidegger was influenced by Aristotle".||Mithraic mysteries <influenced by> religion in ancient Rome||-|
|part of||P361||Item||part: object of which the subject is a part (it's not useful to link objects which are themselves parts of other objects already listed as parts of the subject). Inverse property of "has part" (P527, see also "has parts of the class" (P2670)).||Zoroastrianism <part of> Iranian religions||has part|
- A lot of elements imported from Wikipedia are about religion but are not religion (for example "<religion> in <country>)). They must be described by facet of (P1269) = religion (Q9174) with a applies to part (P518) qualifier. NOTE: and not by instance of (P31) = religion (Q9174) or subclass of (P279).
- Do not forget that there is often TWO aspects (for instance "religion in country" is an aspect of the religion that applies to the country part AND an aspect of the country that applies to the religion part).
- Gods or other sacred objects are worshipped by (P1049) one or more religions.
- People have one or more religion (P140).
- There exists a specific property to denote that an element belong to a religious order (P611),
- There exists a specific property to denote that an element belong to a catholic diocese (P708).
|facet of||P1269||Item||topic of which this item is an aspect, item that offers a broader perspective on the same topic||buddhism in Australia <facet of> Buddhism||-|
|applies to part||P518||Item||part, aspect, or form of the item to which the claim applies||buddhism in Australia <facet of> Buddhism|
<applies to part> Australia
|worshipped by||P1049||Item||religion or group/civilization that worships a given deity||Ahura Mazda <worshipped by> Zoroastrianism||-|
|religion||P140||Item||religion, religious identity and religious movement: religion of a person, organization or religious building, or associated with this subject||Śāntarakṣita <religion> Mahayana||-|
|religious order||P611||Item||religious order: order of monks or nuns to which an individual or religious house belongs||Nicolaus Copernicus <religious order> Society of Jesus||-|
|diocese||P708||Item||diocese: administrative division of the church to which the element belongs; use P5607 for other types of ecclesiastical territorial entities||Turku Cathedral <diocese> Archdiocese of Turku||-|
- If the date is uncertain, because of a lack of precision: use the "precision" field (day, month, year, decade, etc.).
- If the date is a period (not taggable as a precision): use a date with an unknown value, with two qualifiers: earliest date (P1319) and latest date (P1326).
- If one cannot decide between several precise dates: add several date properties (of the same rank).
- To qualify a property that is valid for a period identified by an element (not just a date) : use the valid in period (P1264) qualifier.
|earliest date||P1319||Point in time||earliest date at which an event could have happened. Use as qualifier for other date properties||date of birth of Jesus <earliest date>||latest date|
|latest date||P1326||Point in time||latest possible time that something could have occurred. Use as qualifier for other date properties||date of birth of Jesus <latest date>||earliest date|
|valid in period||P1264||Item||time period when a statement is valid||Tübingen <valid in period> standard time||-|