(P31)

English

instance of

that class of which this subject is a particular example and member; different from P279 (subclass of); for example: K2 is an instance of mountain; volcano is a subclass of mountain (and an instance of volcanic landform)

  • is a
  • is an
  • unique individual of
  • unitary element of class
  • rdf:type
  • type
  • example of

Data type

Item

Statements

Usage instructions in English (English)
(subject typically an individual member with a proper name label); different from P279; using this property as a qualifier is deprecated—use P2868 or P3831 instead (English)
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以下のヘルプを参照してください (Japanese)
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Инструкции по использованию на русском языке (Russian)
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Eigenschaften die Mitgliedschaft oder Teilhabe ausdrücken (German)
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Hướng dẫn sử dụng (Vietnamese)
(đối tượng thường là một thành viên có nhãn tên thích hợp); khác với P279; nhãn này không còn được dùng làm từ khu biệt nữa—hãy dùng P2868 hoặc P3831 (Vietnamese)
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no value
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Constraints

Verwenden Sie P8274 anstelle von P31, um die Schutzklassen für lebende Personen für eine Eigenschaft festzulegen. (German)
Use P8274 instead of P31 for specifying living people protection classes for a property. (English)
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Nutze als Ersatz des Datenobjekts Q5 (Mensch). (German)
Use Q5 (human) instead. (English)
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Das Geschlecht wird über die Eigenschaft P21 spezifiziert. (German)
Specify gender using P21 (sex or ender) (English)
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Das Geschlecht wird über die Eigenschaft P21 spezifiziert. (German)
Specify gender using P21 (sex or ender) (English)
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Nutze stattdessen das Datenobjekt Q4167836 (Wikimedia-Kategorie). (German)
Use Q4167836 (Wikimedia category) instead. (English)
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Use P279 (subclass of) with qualifier P642 ("of"), or use P461 (opposite of) (English)
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for musicians, use P31=Q5 and P106=musician; for groups and bands, use applicable P31 (English)
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Bitte verwenden Sie eine spezifischere Klasse. (German)
Please use a more-specific class (English)
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Dieses Datenobjekte sind zu weit gefasst, versuchen Sie daher, eine spezifischere Unterklasse zu finden. (German)
Too broad, try and find a more specific subclass (English)
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"musical work" and "musical composition" mean the same thing so we just use "musical work/composition". The reason they are still separate items is because we can't merge them due to some Wikipedias still having articles for each. (English)
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Too broad, try finding a more specific subclass (English)
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Specify occupation using P106 (occupation) and use the item for the real occupation (English)
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"public art" is used with P136 (genre). Use artwork classes, e.g. sculpture, statue, painting, installation for P31. (English)
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"public art" is used with P136 (genre). Use artwork classes, e.g. sculpture, statue, painting, installation for P31. (English)
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Pokémon should not be made direct instances of Q3966183 but should instead be instances of elemental type Pokémon (example: Q25930495) (English)
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Please mark the relationship this person has with their twin using P3373 with qualifier P1039. (English)
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