(P31)

English

instance of

that class of which this subject is a particular example and member; different from P279 (subclass of); for example: K2 is an instance of mountain; volcano is a subclass of mountain (and an instance of volcanic landform)

  • is a
  • is an
  • unique individual of
  • unitary element of class
  • rdf:type
  • type
  • example of
  • is of type
  • has type

Data type

Item

Statements

Usage instructions in English (English)
(subject typically an individual member with a proper name label); different from P279; using this property as a qualifier is deprecated—use P2868 or P3831 instead (English)
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以下のヘルプを参照してください (Japanese)
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Инструкции по использованию на русском языке (Russian)
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Eigenschaften die Mitgliedschaft oder Teilhabe ausdrücken (German)
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Hướng dẫn sử dụng (Vietnamese)
(đối tượng thường là một thành viên có nhãn tên thích hợp); khác với P279; nhãn này không còn được dùng làm từ khu biệt nữa—hãy dùng P2868 hoặc P3831 (Vietnamese)
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no value
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Constraints

Verwenden Sie P8274 anstelle von P31, um die Schutzklassen für lebende Personen für eine Eigenschaft festzulegen. (German)
Use P8274 instead of P31 for specifying living people protection classes for a property. (English)
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Nutze als Ersatz des Datenobjekts Q5 (Mensch). (German)
Use Q5 (human) instead. (English)
代わりに「ヒト (Q5)」を使用してください。 (Japanese)
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Das Geschlecht wird über die Eigenschaft P21 spezifiziert. (German)
Specify gender using P21 (sex or ender) (English)
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Das Geschlecht wird über die Eigenschaft P21 spezifiziert. (German)
Specify gender using P21 (sex or ender) (English)
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Nutze stattdessen das Datenobjekt Q4167836 (Wikimedia-Kategorie). (German)
Use Q4167836 (Wikimedia category) instead. (English)
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Weitere Informationen zu dieser Entscheidung sind auf der Diskussionsseite des Datenobjekt Q18593264 (Sammel- oder Ausstellungsstück) zu finden. (German)
More information on this decision can be found on the talk page of the data object Q18593264 (item of collection or exhibition). (English)
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Use P279 (subclass of) with qualifier P642 ("of"), or use P461 (opposite of) (English)
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for musicians, use P31=Q5 and P106=musician; for groups and bands, use applicable P31 (English)
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Bitte verwenden Sie eine spezifischere Klasse. (German)
Please use a more-specific class (English)
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Dieses Datenobjekte sind zu weit gefasst, versuchen Sie daher, eine spezifischere Unterklasse zu finden. (German)
Too broad, use a more specific subclass, such as... (English)
Valores demasiado amplios. Trate de encontrar una subclase más específica. (Spanish)
Túl tág fogalom, próbálj meg konkrétabb alosztályt keresni (Hungarian)
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"musical work" and "musical composition" mean the same thing so we just use "musical work/composition". The reason they are still separate items is because we can't merge them due to some Wikipedias still having articles for each. (English)
"יצירה מוזיקלית" ו"חיבור מוזיקלי" אומרות אותו דבר אז אנחנו פשוט משתמשים ב"יצירה/לחן מוזיקלי". הסיבה שהם עדיין פריטים נפרדים היא בגלל שאנחנו לא יכולים למזג אותם בגלל שחלק מהוויקיפדים עדיין מכילים מאמרים לכל אחד מהם (Hebrew)
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Zu weit gefasst, versuchen Sie, eine spezifischere Unterklasse zu finden. (German)
Too broad, try finding a more specific subclass. (English)
Trop large, essayez de trouver une sous-classe plus spécifique. (French)
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Specify occupation using P106 (occupation) and use the item for the real occupation (English)
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"public art" is used with P136 (genre). Use artwork classes, e.g. sculpture, statue, painting, installation for P31. (English)
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Pokémon should not be made direct instances of Q3966183 but should instead be instances of elemental type Pokémon (example: Q25930495) (English)
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use "literary work", "written work" or "edition" instead (English)
استخدم "عمل أدبي" أو "نسخة أو طبعة أو ترجمة" أو "عمل مكتوب" بدلاً منه (Arabic)
utiliser œuvre littéraire (Q7725634), œuvre écrite (Q47461344) ou version, édition ou traduction (Q3331189) à la place (French)
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Please mark the relationship this person has with their twin using P3373 with qualifier P1039. (English)
P3373 と修飾子 P1039 を使用して、この人と双子の関係をマークしてください。 (Japanese)
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use a more specific class (English)
より具体的なクラスを使用する (Japanese)
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replaced item refers to operations and doctrine, not physical forts (English)
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Q8148 is a specific economic sector. It has parts, not instances (English)
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Being hosted on YouTube is not an essential quality of a video. If the item is hosted on YouTube, use distribution format (P437) = Q63412991, and/or specify a YouTube video ID (P1651). (English)
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Use Q34770 to indicate a language. (English)
言語を指定するには「言語 (Q34770)」を使用します。 (Japanese)
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such items generally describe grave sites, rather than the act of burial (English)
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Use Q24354 for a theatre building, Q742421 for an informal theatrical troupe, Q2416217 for a professional theatre troupe, Q11812394 for a theatre company, Q7777570 for a theatrical production, for a play use Q7725634 (literary work). (English)
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Q5891 is a field of study. Branches of it should use P279. Specific views or beliefs should use Q12558574 or the like. (English)
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Items typically do not represent names for a particular entity, but represent the named entity itself, such as a person or place. Names may be represented with lexemes. If a Q-item really represents a name of one of these types, it can be added as an exception to this constraint. (English)
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to indicate a featured musical artist, use the qualifier "object has role" (P3831) on the performer statement (English)
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Q94489757 refers to the mathematical area of the space, not the space itself (English)
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