Wikidata:WikiProject British Politicians/Notes and issues

WikiProject British Politicians
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This page has a running log of terms which have been completed, with a log of anomalies.

United Kingdom (1801 onwards)Edit

2019 onwardsEdit

  • Neale Hanvey (Q75818970) was notionally elected as an SNP candidate, but was suspended by the party during the election campaign and did not rejoin until the next summer. Listed as independent at election.
  • Tobias Ellwood (Q303299) had the whip restored "momentarily" on 20 July (having been suspended the previous day); this has been omitted for simplicity

2001-2005Edit

1987-1992Edit

Various sources give different dates for the Liberal-SDP merger during this term. All members are shown as having joined the new party on 3 March, the date given in the party history; the three who formed the "continuing SDP" are show as having moved from Social Democratic Party (Q40052) to Social Democratic Party (Q7550574) on that date.

1970-1974Edit

1964-1966Edit

The Unionist Party merged fully into the Conservatives in 1965, after the 1964 general election. Unionist MPs elected in 1964 are currently shown as Conservatives rather than Unionists.

1959-1964Edit

We identify thirteen seats as vacant at dissolution in 1964, not fourteen (as in Rallings & Thrasher). The discrepancy is Kettering, where the incumbent was given his peerage shortly after dissolution.

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

1951-1955Edit

We identify two seats as vacant at dissolution in 1955, not three (as in Rallings & Thrasher). The discrepancy is South Norwich, where the incumbent was given his peerage shortly after dissolution.

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

1950-1951Edit

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

1945-1950Edit

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

1935-1945Edit

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

1931-1935Edit

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

1929-1931Edit

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

1924-1929Edit

We identify seven seats as vacant at dissolution in 1929, not eight (as in Rallings & Thrasher). The discrepancy is East Willesden, where George Stanley (Q5539480) does not seem to have been appointed as Governor of Madras until August, well after dissolution (see below).

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

  • Alfred Ravenscroft Kennedy (Q17285479) was appointed a circuit court judge, exact date unknown - apparently shortly before dissolution in 1929. A news story on 10 May (day of dissolution) reported his appointment but said his first sitting day was 6 May - so announcement sometime in April? Could not find anything in the Gazette. Assigned as 1929-05
  • Frederick Sykes (Q3087169) resigned by taking the Chiltern Hundreds, but the date is not recorded on any of the lists published by Parliament. The Journals (vol 183) record a writ was issued on 27 June 1928, suggesting his resignation was sometime between 20 and 26 June. Assigned as 1928-06
  • George Stanley (Q5539480) is listed by Rallings & Thrasher as having his seat vacant at dissolution (May 1929), but this appears to stem from his appointment as Governor of Madras, which was in August (Gazette). Provisionally he is listed as holding his seat until dissolution.
  • Edward Grigg, 1st Baron Altrincham (Q5343190) is in a similar situation - a writ was moved for his seat on 10 June 1925 (Journals), stating explicitly that it was due to his appointment as Governor of Kenya, but his appointment was not until 20 July (Gazette). Provisionally assigned as 1925-06.

1923-1924Edit

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

1922-1923Edit

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

1918-1922Edit

We identify ten seats as vacant at dissolution in 1922, not one (as in Rallings & Thrasher). The discrepancy is due to nine Irish seats which were left vacant after the incumbents died, and were abolished at the 1922 election following Irish independence. This is something of an academic distinction, of course.

Three Irish members were returned for two seats each, but did not take up either seat and so no writ was moved for the "extra" ones. These three are listed as each holding two seats throughout the term.

Scottish Conservatives are listed as Unionist Party (Q7886824) in 1918-1964.

Members who held the "Coalition Coupon" at the 1918 election are provisionally listed as significant event (P793):Coalition Coupon (Q5137907) - this avoids having to use a distinct party group eg Coalition Liberal (Q95641399). This may be changed in future; a lot of work may need to be done to tease apart Liberal factions in this period.

1910-1918Edit

  • William Peel, 1st Earl Peel (Q2920090) inherited his father's peerage on 24 October 1912, but took the Manor of Northstead some days later, and the writ for the by-election considered this his reason for leaving office (Gazette). Assigned as 1912-10-24 (and succession)
  • Sydney Buxton, 1st Earl Buxton (Q1645717) apparently took the Chiltern Hundreds in Feb 1914 (writ moved 12 Feb, Journals), but the date is not recorded on any of the lists published by Parliament. His peerage was not until May (Gazette). Assigned as 1914-02

1919-1910Edit

1906-1910Edit

  • George McCrae (Q5542296) accepted office as Vice-President of the Scottish Local Government Board, which vacated his seat (Gazette), but his formal appointment was two weeks after the by-election (Gazette). The writ was moved on 7 April (Journals) Assigned as 1909-04.

1900-1906Edit

1886-1892Edit

1880-1885Edit

We list fifteen seats as vacant at dissolution in 1885. (https://w.wiki/QT$ details, though one contemporary report had 14) Two each in Macclesfield, Canterbury, Chester, Boston, and Oxford, all of which had had the writ suspended due to corruption. One seat in each of Sandwich and Gloucester was left vacant after the writ was suspended for a by-election. Finally, one seat in Berkshire was vacant after the incumbent succeeded to a peerage in July, another in Kent left vacant after the incumbent was given an official appointment in July (note of status in August); and one seat in Fermanagh was vacant after the incumbent succeeded to a peerage in October.

1874-1880Edit

We list one seat as vacant at dissolution in 1880; this was Norwich, left vacant after the writ suspended in 1875 following a corrupt by-election. Two seats were listed as vacant at the start of January, but one (Barnstaple) was filled by a by-election in February.

  • Bryan O'Loghlen (Q4980274) was appointed to ministerial office in Australia in March 1878, which voided his seat in the Victorian parliament, but it was unclear if this applied at Westminster. A committee debated the matter for some time, and in April 1879 deemed that he had voided his seat. Assigned as official appointment, dating from 1879-04-25.
  • William St Lawrence, 4th Earl of Howth (Q8018696) succeeded to an (Irish) peerage on the day he was elected, which appears to have vacated the seat. Counted as serving for one day. (Day of election is taken from Walker 1978)
  • William Johnston (Q8013699) was appointed Irish Inspector of Fisheries, but the exact date has not been traced. Writ moved on 25 March 1878. Assigned as 1878-03
  • Myles O'Reilly (Q6947717) was appointed Irish Assistant Commissioner of Intermediate Education, but the exact date has not been traced. Writ moved on 29 March 1879. Assigned as 1879-03
  • George Young, Lord Young (Q5546601) lost the 1874 election, and was appointed as a judge. The result was overturned on 26 May, declaring him elected, but by this point he was disqualified through being a judge and a new writ was moved on 2 June. Assigned as elected for one day only, 1874-05-26, and then disqualified. (This is somewhat arbitrary and it could be reasonable to omit this term completely)

1868-1874Edit

We list eight seats as vacant at dissolution in 1874 (details). Bridgwater (2x), Beverley (2x), Sligo (1x), and Cashel (1x) were all vacant after having had the writ suspended for corruption in 1870. North Lincolnshire was vacant after the sitting MP died one week before dissolution. Co Limerick was vacant after the sitting MP was elevated in January. Several others were vacant at the end of 1873 but by-elections were held in January.

1865-1868Edit

We list six seats as vacant at dissolution in 1868. Lancaster (2x), Reigate (1x), Totnes (1x) were vacant after the writ was suspended for corruption. Christchurch (1x) was vacant after the sitting MP died in July. Bristol (1x) was vacant after a by-election had been voided in June 1868.

1859-1865Edit

1857-1859Edit

1852-1857Edit

1847-1852Edit


1841-1847Edit

1837-1841Edit

1835-1841Edit

1832-1834Edit

1830-1831Edit

Great Britain (1707-1800)Edit

A reasonable number of members are indexed by term, but without any seat data or dates. Some seat data may be available but not consistently. All members are present but some may simply be indexed as "member of the Parliament of Great Britain" rather than by term.

England (up to 1707)Edit

Terms from 1660 to 1707Edit

A reasonable number of members are indexed by term, but without any seat data or dates. Some seat data may be available but not consistently. All members are present but some may simply be indexed as "member of the Parliament of England"

Terms from 1640 to 1660Edit

A reasonable number of members are indexed by term, but without any seat data or dates. Some seat data may be available but not consistently. It is not comprehensive, and some members may be missing entirely.

Terms from 1509 to 1629Edit

All members in this period have the term and (where known) constituency listed, but do not have any start or end dates. Prior to the mid-sixteenth-century, a substantial number of MPs are missing from the historical record and are not indexed here.

Terms from 1422 to 1504Edit

Very few of these members are indexed in any detail.

Terms from 1386 to 1421Edit

All members in this period have the term and (where known) constituency listed, but do not have any start or end dates. A substantial number of MPs are missing from the historical record and are not indexed here.

Terms before 1386Edit

Very few of these members are indexed in any detail.


General notesEdit

Seats vacantEdit

Between 1923 and 2005, the seats identified as vacant at dissolution are consistent with those in Rallings & Thrasher, British Electoral Facts, table 8.02 (7th edition, 2006), save for a few exceptions noted in the relevant terms. Prior to 1886, Rallings & Thrasher do not list vacant seats. These are noted for each term.