Wikidata:Contas alternativas

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Embora seja geralmente esperado que editores usem principalmente uma única conta, existem razões para se usar múltiplas contas. Tais contas são chamadas de contas alternativas.

Visão geral

É esperado que editores(as) editem primariamente a partir de uma única conta, usada pela própria pessoa. Existe, entretanto, uma lista de circunstâncias, listadas abaixo, em que possuir e editar a partir de uma conta alternativa é considerado aceitável. Contas alternativas podem ter nomes que não revelem imediatamente que são contas alternativas ou mesmo a qual conta ou usuário(a) estão associadas, mas devem destacar de forma proeminente a ligação à conta principal em suas páginas de usuário(a). Todas as contas alternativas devem ser declaradas se a conta principal está se candidatando a qualquer posição que exija discussão da comunidade (administrador(a) de tradução, bot, administrador(a), burocrata, verificador(a) de contas, supervisor(a)).

Com exceção dos direitos de usuários(as) confirmados, usuários(as) com isenção de bloqueio de IP, bots, flooder, criadores(as) de propriedades e reversores(as), editores(as) somente devem ter direitos de usuários(as) e permissões avançadas em suas contas principais. Se um(a) editor(a) for descoberto(a) ter direitos de usuários(as) tais como administrador(a) de tradução, administrador(a), burocrata, verificador(a) de contas ou supervisor(a) em mais de uma conta que ele(a) controla, é motivo para imediata remoção desses direitos em todas as contas que esse(a) editor(a) controla. As contas de equipe da Wikimedia e WMDE não estão incluídas nesta seção para fins de várias contas com permissões avançadas; de maneira diferente, a única exceção é que um administrador pode operar um "adminbot" com a etiqueta sysop em uma conta alternativa após a aprovação da comunidade de acordo com a política de robôs.

Usos legítimos de contas alternativas

Nota: A lista abaixo não é completa. Outros usos podem existir e não estarem mencionados abaixo.
  • Security: Since public computers can have password-stealing trojans or keyloggers installed, users may register an alternative account to prevent the hijacking of their main accounts.
  • Testing and training: Users who use a lot of scripts and other tools may wish to keep a second, "vanilla" account, for testing how things appear to others; or for demonstrating Wikidata's default appearance when training new users.
  • Doppelgänger accounts: A doppelgänger account is a second account created with a username similar to one's main account to prevent impersonation. Such accounts should not be used for editing.
  • Flooders: Users that undertake high volume manual or semi-automatic edits, and are frequent use of the flooder flag, may wish to create a second account for those tasks for organizational reasons.
  • Bots: Users that operate bots, or automatic edit scripts, are required to run their bots off of alternate accounts.

Alternate accounts must be publicly declared, and the userpages of the alternate accounts must link back to the main account in an obvious fashion. Common ways of doing this include redirecting the user and talk pages of the alternate to the user and talk pages of the main account, using a template such as {{Bot}} that specifies the master account, or leaving a linked message in text at the top of the user page. If alternate accounts do not link to the main account, they are not considered legitimate alternate accounts.

Usos não legítimos de contas alternativas

The use of multiple Wikidata user accounts for an improper purpose is called sockpuppetry (often abbreviated in discussion as "socking"). Improper purposes include attempts to deceive or mislead other editors, disrupt discussions, distort consensus, avoid sanctions, or otherwise violate community standards and policies.

  • Manipulating discussions: Attempting to sway the outcome of a discussion through the use of multiple accounts is, regardless of intent, never acceptable. Examples of using alternate accounts to manipulate discussions include using multiple accounts to stack votes, using an account to make straw man arguments, or using an alternate account to appear as a neutral third-party or neutral observer.
  • Circumventing sanctions or blocks: Alternate accounts, even legitimate alternate accounts, may not be used to circumvent a block or editing restriction. Unless otherwise stated by the admin placing the block or restriction, a block or editing restriction placed on the main account applies to the person behind the account, regardless of which account they use. It should go without saying that creating an account ahead of time to commit vandalism or harassment, or to otherwise improperly or maliciously edit in the hopes that the burn account will not be traced back to the original user, is unacceptable.
  • Accounts that do not serve a productive purpose: With the exception of doppelgänger accounts, the expectation is that alternate accounts will be used to constructively edit the project. Creating an account just to joke around with, or just to have an alternate account, while not as serious as the above two points, is still considered an illegitimate use of alternate accounts.

It should also be noted that simply logging out, or otherwise using an IP address instead of an account, in order to do any of these things will also be treated as an illegitimate use.

Handling illegitimate accounts

In cases where behavioral evidence is not completely clear-cut, an investigation with CheckUser can be requested at Wikidata:Requests for checkuser. Administrators can also rely on publicized results of CheckUsers run on other projects, such as sockpuppet investigations, and behavioral evidence, in determining whether or not multiple accounts are being operated by the same person.

Illegitimate alternate accounts are almost always indefinitely blocked. IPs used in socking are generally blocked for a period of between a few weeks and a year, as indefinitely blocking an IP address is discouraged.

Depending on the individual circumstances, including what actions were taken by the illegitimate alternate accounts and whether or not it is a first offense, Wikidata administrators can choose to warn a sockmaster (an operator of illegitimate accounts), block the main account for a defined period of time, or block the main account indefinitely, in addition to the indefinite blocks of the alternate accounts.