Open main menu
This page is a translated version of the page Wikidata:User access levels and the translation is 96% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:
Bahasa Indonesia • ‎British English • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎Esperanto • ‎Frysk • ‎Hawaiʻi • ‎Lëtzebuergesch • ‎Nederlands • ‎Plattdüütsch • ‎Tiếng Việt • ‎Türkçe • ‎azərbaycanca • ‎bosanski • ‎dansk • ‎español • ‎français • ‎italiano • ‎latviešu • ‎magyar • ‎norsk bokmål • ‎occitan • ‎polski • ‎português do Brasil • ‎română • ‎suomi • ‎svenska • ‎Ænglisc • ‎Ελληνικά • ‎русский • ‎српски / srpski • ‎татарча/tatarça • ‎тоҷикӣ • ‎українська • ‎հայերեն • ‎ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche • ‎العربية • ‎فارسی • ‎پښتو • ‎தமிழ் • ‎తెలుగు • ‎മലയാളം • ‎ไทย • ‎中文 • ‎日本語

根据用户已有的“用户权限”决定用户可以使用的特定界面功能。尽管被称为“用户权利”(user right),但额外权限基于社区的信任。本页归纳了所有情况。

概要

All users are part of the * group in MediaWiki (denoted as "Unregistered users" in the table), and all user accounts are part of the user group (denoted as "Registered accounts" in the table). Except for the autoconfirmed pseudo-group, which all users who have passed the age and activity requirements are in, only those groups are automatically granted. Autoconfirmed status for an account requires at least 4 days of age and at least 50 edits (90 days and 100 edits if editing through a Tor node; the abuse filter can revoke and/or delay automatic granting of this right, but no filters are currently configured to do so). The confirmed user right can be manually assigned by administrators to accounts which don't meet this requirement, which provides equivalent permissions. Extra permissions like administrator access can only be assigned to registered user accounts.

用户组

自动授权

未注册用户

Denoted by '*' in the software configuration settings, this includes any user on Wikidata. They may create and edit most pages (if not protected or in the MediaWiki: (interface) namespace). Unregistered users are identified by their IP addresses when making edits. Any unregistered user, if not blocked from doing so, may create an account for themselves at Special:CreateAccount. They are limited to 8 edits per minute and must answer a CAPTCHA prompt when adding new external links.

新用户

所有已登入的使用者皆可使用監視列表功能監視頁面,也可使用電郵功能通知其他用戶。當他們成為確認或自動確認使用者時,就可以不用輸入驗證碼加入外部連結。

自动确认用户

An account with at least 4 days of age and at least 50 edits (90 days and 100 edits for editors from Tor nodes; abuse filter can potentially delay or revert automatic promotion) is said to be autoconfirmed. Any user account which does not meet these requirements can be granted the confirmed permission and receive the same permissions. Autoconfirmed users no longer need to respond to CAPTCHAs for most actions, can edit semi-protected pages, and can move most pages (except items and properties, which are simply renamed by changing the appropriate labels instead).

手动授权

管理员

主页面: 维基数据:管理员

Administrators, also known as sysops, are trusted with tasks such as blocking users, protecting pages (and editing fully-protected pages), and deleting pages. Administrator access is assigned to users who pass a successful request for permissions, by bureaucrats. They can assign rollback, confirmed user, IP block exempt, autopatrolled, and property creator status to other users, and can assign translation administrator and flooder status to themselves (but not other users). They automatically have access to all permissions they can assign (except translation administrator and flooder) - for example, administrators can create properties without assigning themselves the right.

行政员

主页面:维基数据:行政员

Bureaucrats can add administrator, bureaucrat, bot, flooder and translation administrator status to any user, and remove bot, flooder and translation administrator status (removal of either administrator or bureaucrat status must be done by stewards). They also can rename users. The process for gaining bureaucrat status is similar to administrator status, but the requirements are higher, and generally only existing administrators are successful.

翻譯管理員

主頁面:維基數據:翻譯管理員

Because Wikidata is a multilingual wiki, it uses the translate extension, and translation administrators are users with access to administrative functions of the extension. Normal administrators may assign the right to themselves without filing a request, but all other users must make a request at Wikidata:Requests for permissions/Translation administrator, and a local bureaucrat will assign the right to those who provide a good reason.

機械人

主頁面:維基數據:機械人

Bots are automated and/or semi-automated accounts that perform repetitive, generally-simple, tasks that humans would find tedious to perform. Such accounts are given the bot flag by a bureaucrat, after a successful request at Wikidata:Requests for permissions/Bot. They may make edits at very fast rates, and are hidden from recent changes and watchlists.

導入者

主頁面:維基數據:導入者

The flood flag is intended for repetitive actions performed by human users. Like the bot flag, the flood flag hides edits and log actions from Special:RecentChanges and watchlists. Administrators can add the flag to their own account if necessary; other users can be granted the flag by a bureaucrat per request at Wikidata:Bureaucrats' noticeboard. The flood flag is not a permanent user right, so every flooder can remove the flag themselves when the respective actions are done.

管理員權限限定的子集

The following groups give rights to users that administrators already have. All can be assigned or removed by administrators and requested at Wikidata:Requests for permissions. They do not require election, but administrators are expected to use their judgement when assigning them.

巡查員
主頁面:維基數據:巡查員

This right has been deprecated. An autopatrolled user's edits are not marked as "unpatrolled", and autopatrolled users can patrol edits of users who are not autopatrolled by marking them as "patrolled". The right was generally granted to users whose edits are clearly not problematic.

回退
主页面:维基数据:回退员

Rollback is a simple tool that can allow fast reverting of vandalism or other obvious abuse. When the "rollback" link is clicked, the latest edit to the page is reverted with an automatic edit summary, currently "Reverted edits by <reverted user> to last version by <user whose edit was reverted to>". In addition, if the second-latest edit was also made by the same user as the latest, that edit is also reverted. All edits are reverted to the latest version by a user other than the user who was reverted. Rollback is generally assigned to those who demonstrate active vandalism and spam combating on Wikidata.

全局回退員
主頁面:元維基:全局回退

Global rollback is a global group assigned by stewards. Members of this group have access to rollback on all Wikimedia wikis and may use that access on Wikidata. In addition to local rollback, global rollbackers are automatically granted autoconfirmed and autopatrolled access (except the ability to patrol others' edits), and can suppress redirects when moving pages.

确认用户
主頁面:維基數據:確認用戶

This group gives the same rights as autoconfirmed users to trusted users who don't meet the requirement for automatic promotion.

IP封禁豁免
主页面:维基数据:IP封禁豁免

If an IP address is blocked with the option to not allow logged-in users to edit, this permission allows editing from such IP addresses. It is granted only to those who need it and can be trusted not to abuse it, and CheckUser may be used to verify that need.

属性创建员
主页面:维基数据:属性创建员

New properties can only be created by users in this group or administrators, as properties should be discussed before being used.

账户创建者
Main page: Wikidata:Account creators

帐户创建者用户权限授予对工具的访问权限,该工具允许受信任的维基数据贡献者为其他请求它们的人创建大量帐户。

职务权限

These permissions, due to their potential privacy implications, require all members of their respective groups to be at least 18 years of age, of age of majority in their resident country, and identified to the Wikimedia Foundation. Exceptions may only be granted by the Wikimedia Board of Trustees. Functionary permissions (including access for new stewards) can only be assigned by existing stewards.

监管员
主页面:监管员

监管员可以访问所有维基媒体wiki上的MediaWiki界面,与管理员和行政员身份不同,是每年选举的全域许可。在必须重新确认之前,管理员需要1年的任期。他们可以更改任何和所有用户权限,并作为特定维基所没有的组成员。在维基数据选择本地用户查核员之前,他们还将充当用户查核员,当维基数据选择此类用户时,管理员将负责分配这些用户。

用户查核员
主页面:维基数据:用户查核员

The term CheckUser refers both to a member of this group of users and the tool they have access to. CheckUser allows members of this group to examine the IP address data of logged-in users, which is otherwise private information. Its primary purpose is to investigate sock puppetry. CheckUser access, like Oversight access, is granted after at least 25 support votes and at least 80% support after at least 2 weeks of discussion. However, Wikidata does not have any local members of this group, so stewards act as CheckUsers until Wikidata has elected its own.

监督员
主页面:维基数据:监督员

The term oversight refers to the name of the extension that was originally used for this purpose until it was replaced by RevisionDelete. Administrators can also apply RevisionDelete to particular edits or log actions, but oversighters can also hide the information from even administrators. It is done to hide either otherwise-private information or libellious information that even administrators should not have access to. Oversight access is approved after 2 weeks of discussion and at least 25 supporting votes at a request for access. On Wikidata, only existing administrators can become oversighters.

申诉专员
主页面:元维基:申诉专员委员会

The ombudsmen are a global group that investigates complaints about privacy-related misuse of CheckUser and/or Oversight. They have global CheckUser access and global access to oversight logs (but not the actual ability to perform oversight actions), but do not normally use this access except for their duties of investigating complaints about the use of CheckUser and/or Oversight. They are appointed by Wikimedia Foundation officers for terms of approximately a year.

表格

This table excludes the staff and sysadmin global groups, since they are for the use of Wikimedia Foundation staff only, and excludes the unused local groups account creators, importers, and transwiki importers.

允许 延续权利 不允许 剥夺 视情况 有限
           

允许
 
下面的用户组做…… 被封禁用户 未注册
用户
已註冊用戶 自动确认用户
确认用户
机器人 管理员 行政员[note 1] 其他组
(其中所有的用户组都是全域的)
abusefilter-log view the abuse log               steward, Abuse_filter_helper (global group without policy page)
abusefilter-log-detail view detailed abuse log entries               steward, global rollbacker, Abuse_filter_helper (global group without policy page)
abusefilter-log-private view all details for abuse log entries of private filters. All users with abusefilter-modify inherit this.               steward, Abuse_filter_helper (global group without policy page)
abusefilter-modify modify abuse filters               steward
abusefilter-modify-restricted modify abuse filters with restricted actions               steward
abusefilter-view view abuse filters               steward, Abuse_filter_helper (global group without policy page)
abusefilter-view-private view abuse filters marked as private               steward, Abuse_filter_helper (global group without policy page)
abusefilter-revert revert all changes by a given filter               steward
apihighlimits request API queries in batches of 5000 rather than 500               steward, API_High_Limits_Requestors (global group without policy page)
autoconfirmed edit semi-protected pages               steward, global rollbacker, interface editor
autopatrol have one's edits automatically patrolled               steward, global rollbacker, autopatroller
bigdelete delete pages with over 5000 revisions               steward
block block and unblock IP addresses, IP address ranges, and accounts from editing               steward
bot be treated as an automated process               flooder
checkuser examine private IP address information of users (see above)               checkuser[note 2], ombudsman
checkuser-log view the log of CheckUser actions               checkuser[note 2], ombudsman
createaccount create a new user account (for themselves or someone else)                
createpage create pages                
createtalk create talk pages                
delete delete pages with 5000 or less revisions (bigdelete is also required for pages with more than that)               steward
deletedhistory view the deleted history of a page and a list of a user's deleted edits               steward, ombudsman
deletedtext view the text of a deleted edit               steward, ombudsman
edit edit any existing page that is not protected and not in the MediaWiki namespace               steward, interface editor
(no technical name) edit own talk page                
editusercssjs[note 3] edit the personal (userspace) CSS and Javascript files of another user               steward, interface editor
import import pages from another wiki               steward
importupload import pages to the wiki from an XML dump               steward[note 4]
ipblockexempt edit from an IP address under a hard block (a block that would otherwise not permit registered users to edit)               steward, IP block exemptions
item-create create items                
item-override override items                
markbotedits mark rollback edits as bot edits by adding &bot=1; the edits are hidden from Special:RecentChanges and watchlists like normal bot edits               steward, global rollbacker
move move pages to new titles (this operation is only supported for non-property and non-item pages)               steward, global rollbacker
movefile move files to new titles (this is only included in the table for the sake of completeness, as uploads are disabled on Wikidata)               steward
move-rootuserpages move root (non-subpage) userpages.               steward
move-subpages move all the subpages of a page while moving it               steward
nominornewtalk minor edits by a user with this right to another user's talk page do not trigger a "You have new messages" for the user whose talk page was edited              
noratelimit not be affected by rate limits               steward, global rollbacker
override-antispoof not get affected by the AntiSpoof extension, which blocks the creation of usernames with mixed-script, confusing, or impersonating usernames, but sometimes produces false positives.               steward
oversight view a revision previously hidden with the Oversight extension. This is only included for completeness, since Wikidata is newer than RevisionDelete and all oversight actions on Wikidata are performed using the new RevisionDelete system.               steward, oversighter
pagetranslation mark revisions of a page for translation               translation administrator
patrol patrol unpatrolled edits (those made by users without the autopatrol permission)               steward, autopatroller
property-create create properties               property creator
protect change the protection levels of a page, edit protected pages               steward, interface editor[note 5]
purge purge the site cache by adding &action=purge to URL                
read read pages                
renameuser rename users               steward
reupload overwrite existing unprotected files. This is only included for the sake of completeness, because file uploads on Wikidata are disabled.               steward
reupload-own overwrite existing unprotected files uploaded by self only. This is only included for the sake of completeness, because file uploads on Wikidata are disabled.               steward
reupload-shared upload a file locally, even if it already exists in the shared media repository (in this case, Commons). This is only included for the sake of completeness, because file uploads on Wikidata are disabled.               steward
rollback use the rollback feature to quickly revert a series of edits (see above)               steward, global rollbacker, rollbacker
sendemail use Special:EmailUser. Users must confirm their email address before they can use this feature.                
skipcaptcha perform CAPTCHA-triggering actions without having to answer a CAPTCHA               steward, global rollbacker
suppressredirect have the option of not leaving a redirect behind when moving a page               steward, global rollbacker, interface editor
suppressrevision hide, unhide, and view revisions hidden from administrators.               steward, oversighter
suppressionlog view the log of oversight actions               steward, ombudsman, oversighter
tboverride override the title blacklist               steward, interface editor
translate edit using the translate interface                
translate-groupreview change workflow state of message groups                
translate-manage manage message groups               translation administrator
translate-review review translations                
undelete undelete (restore) deleted pages               steward
unwatchedpages view Special:UnwatchedPages, which lists pages which are not on anyone's watchlist               steward
upload upload files. This is only included for the sake of completeness, as uploads are disabled on Wikidata.               steward
userrights change the user rights of a user     - flooder (for self only) - flooder (for self only) - flooder (for self only) +/- rollbacker
+/- IP block exempt
+/- autopatroller
+/- property creator
+/- confirmed
+/- translation administrator (for self only)
+/- flooder (for self only)
+ administrator
+ bureaucrat
+/- translation administrator (for any user)
+/- bot
+/- flooder (for any user)
steward
+/- any
writeapi use of the write API                

允许
 
下面的用户组做…… 被封禁用户 未注册
用户
已註冊用戶 自动确认用户
确认用户
机器人 管理员 行政员[note 1] 其他组
(其中所有的用户组都是全域的)

注释

  1. 1.0 1.1 不是所有的行政员都是管理员,所以他们也有管理员的权限。
  2. 2.0 2.1 Stewards fulfill this role by temporarily assigning themselves to the checkuser group and then removing it when they are done.
  3. Local administrators are not assigned this particular permission, but are assigned both editusercss and edituserjs, which provides equivalent functionality.
  4. The local import group might sometimes be used for this purpose, and it has import and importupload. However, currently it can only be assigned by stewards, and it is not in use. Wikidata currently does not have policy on this group, so it is considered to be unused.
  5. Interface editors normally do not change the protection levels of a page, and only use their access to edit protected pages.


用户组