Wikidata:WikiProject Heritage institutions/Data structure

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The present page contains overview tables of properties that are commonly used in connection with Wikidata items relating to heritage institutions. It further contains references to relevant vocabularies and ontologies as well as to mappings to infobox templates of various Wikipedia language versions. The typology of heritage institutions is covered in a separate section.

Specific data modelling issues are tackled on a separate page: Data Modelling Issues.

List of PropertiesEdit

Properties of OrganizationsEdit

GeneralEdit

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
instance ofP31Iteminstance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and memberSwiss National Library <instance of> national library-
part ofP361Itempart of: object of which the subject is a part (if this subject is already part of object A which is a part of object B, then please only make the subject part of object A). Inverse property of "has part" (P527, see also "has parts of the class" (P2670)).Swiss Literary Archives <part of> Swiss National Libraryhas part
parent organizationP749Itemparent company: parent organization of an organization, opposite of subsidiaries (P355)Swiss National Library <parent organization> Federal Department of Home Affairssubsidiary
has partP527Itemhas part, consist of and meronymy: part of this subject; inverse property of "part of" (P361). See also "has parts of the class" (P2670).Museum Aargau <has part> Legionary Trail Vindonissapart of
legal formP1454Itemlegal form: legal form of an organizationHaribo <legal form> GmbH & Co. KG-
director / managerP1037Itemperson who manages any kind of groupLouvre Museum <director / manager> Jean-Luc Martinez-
chairpersonP488Itemchairperson, leader and president: presiding member of an organization, group or bodyRijksmuseum <chairperson> Jaap de Hoop Scheffer-
imageP18Commons media fileillustration and image: image of relevant illustration of the subject; if available, use more specific properties (sample: coat of arms image, locator map, flag image, signature image, logo image, collage image); only images which exist on Wikimedia Commons are acceptableSwiss National Library <image> Swiss National Library building.jpg-
Commons categoryP373StringCommons category: name of the Wikimedia Commons category containing files related to this item (without the prefix "Category:")Swiss National Library <Commons category> Swiss_National_Library-

Note:

  • instance of (P31): Use a type as specific as possible from the typology of heritage institutions. Not all libraries are "heritage institutions" in the sense proper, as they may not have a heritage collection of their own. The same may go for some other institutions being listed on museum inventories and the like (e.g. exhibition centres). In order to declare specifically that an institution has curatorial care over a collection, use instance of (P31) memory institution (Q1497649). Check the mapping for the Swiss GLAM Inventory for an example on how the information in the source file was mapped to various types of heritage institutions contained in Wikidata.

Open issues:

  • director / manager (P1037) vs. chairperson (P488) – which one should be used by default?
  • To what extent should the typology of heritage institutions be used to characterize various types of institutions? Alternatively, it has been suggested to use main subject (P921) instead.[1] It should however be noted that the typologies presently used are mutli-dimensional and do not exclusively focus on the subject/theme of an institution.

LocationEdit

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
countryP17Itemcountry: sovereign state of this item (not to be used for human beings)Swiss National Library <country> Switzerland-
located in the administrative territorial entityP131Itemadministrative territorial entity: the item is located on the territory of the following administrative entity. Use P276 (location) for specifying locations that are non-administrative places and for items about eventsSwiss National Library <located in the administrative territorial entity> Bern-
locationP276Itemlocation: physical location of the item. For administrative entities, use P131. For distinct terrain features, use P706.Louvre Museum <location> Louvre Palace-
street addressP6375Monolingual textstreet address, postal address and street: full street address where subject is located. include building number through to post code. use also P669 if the street is known as a separate elementAshmolean Museum <street address> Beaumont Street, Oxford OX1 2PH-
located on streetP669Itemstreet: street, road, or square, where the item is located. To add the number, use Property:P670 "street number" as qualifier. Use property P6375 if there is no item for the streetLouvre Museum <located on street> rue de Rivoli-
postal codeP281Stringpostal code: identifier assigned by postal authorities for the subject area or buildingLouvre Museum <postal code> 75058-
coordinate locationP625Geographic coordinatesgeographic coordinate system: geocoordinates of the subject. For Earth, please note that only WGS84 coordinating system is supported at the momentSwiss National Library <coordinate location> 46°56'29"N, 7°26'59"E-

Notes:

CommunicationsEdit

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
phone numberP1329Stringtelephone number: telephone number in standard format (RFC3966), without 'tel:' prefixLouvre Museum <phone number> +33 1 40 20 53 17-
official websiteP856URLofficial website and home page: URL of the official homepage of an item (current or former) [if the homepage changes, add an additional statement with preferred rank. Do not remove the former URL]Louvre Museum <official website> http://www.louvre.fr/-
Twitter usernameP2002External identifierTwitter: this item's username on Twitter; do not include the “@” symbolLouvre Museum <Twitter username> MuseeLouvre-
Instagram usernameP2003External identifierInstagram: item's username on InstagramLouvre Museum <Instagram username> museelouvre-
Facebook IDP2013External identifierFacebook: official identifier for a person, product or organization in Facebook - everything after https://www.facebook.com/Louvre Museum <Facebook ID> museedulouvre-
YouTube channel IDP2397External identifierYouTube channel: ID of the YouTube channel of a person or organisation (not to be confused with the name of the channel)Louvre Museum <YouTube channel ID> UCafm6w_rPndqAtokQy04Jdw-
logo imageP154Commons media filegraphic mark or emblem commonly used by commercial enterprises, organizations and productsNational Gallery of Canada <logo image> National_Gallery_of_Canada_Logo.svg-
GitHub usernameP2037External identifierGitHub: username of this project, person or organization on GitHubBritish Museum <GitHub username> BritishMuseum-

Significant Events in the Life of an InstitutionEdit

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
inceptionP571Point in timedate of establishment: date or point in time when the subject came into existence as definedSwiss National Library <inception> 1895-
dissolved, abolished or demolishedP576Point in timedissolved, abolished or demolished date: point in time at which the subject (organisation, building) ceased to exist; see "date of official closure" (P3999) for closing a facility, "service retirement" (P730) for retiring equipment, "discontinued date" (P2669) for stopping a productHeidi Weber Museum - Centre Le Corbusier <dissolved, abolished or demolished> May 2016inception
significant eventP793Itemkey event: significant or notable events associated with the subjectRijksmuseum <significant event> construction-

Note:

Properties Specific to Heritage InstitutionsEdit

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
visitors per yearP1174Quantitynumber of visitors per year: number of people visiting a location or an event each yearLouvre Museum <visitors per year> 9,330,000±5000-
Commons Institution pageP1612StringCommons Institution page: name of the institutions's page on Wikimedia Commons (without the prefix "Institution")Louvre Museum <Commons Institution page> Louvre-
collection or exhibition sizeP1436Quantitynumber of items in a collection or exhibitionLouvre Museum <collection or exhibition size> 460,000±5000-

Identifiers (not country specific)Edit

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
GLAM IdentifierP3066External identifierGLAM ID: unique identifier for heritage institutions as they have been used in the context of the OpenGLAM Benchmark SurveySwiss National Library <GLAM Identifier> CH-000221-
VIAF IDP214External identifierVirtual International Authority File: identifier for the Virtual International Authority File database [format: up to 22 digits]Swiss Federal Archives <VIAF ID> 134892105-
GND IDP227External identifierGND ID: identifier from an international authority file of names, subjects, and organizations (please don't use type n = name, disambiguation) - Deutsche NationalbibliothekSwiss Federal Archives <GND ID> 2027556-0-
ISILP791External identifierInternational Standard Identifier for Libraries and Related Organizations: identifier for a library or related organizationLibrary of Congress <ISIL> US-DLC-

Country-specific PropertiesEdit

SwitzerlandEdit

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
PCP reference numberP381External identifierclass A Swiss cultural property of national significance and class B Swiss cultural property of regional significance: identifier for cultural properties in SwitzerlandSwiss Federal Archives <PCP reference number> 8771-
heritage designationP1435Itemhistoric preservation and heritage designation: heritage designation of a cultural or natural siteSwiss Federal Archives <heritage designation> class A Swiss cultural property of national significance-

Note:

  • In Switzerland, the same type of "heritage status" is used for historical monuments and for heritage collections.

Usage statisticsEdit

Properties used for museumsEdit

SELECT ?property ?propertyLabel ?count ?avg WITH {
  SELECT ?property (COUNT(DISTINCT ?item) AS ?count) (COUNT(DISTINCT ?statement)/COUNT(DISTINCT ?item) AS ?avg) WHERE {
    ?item wdt:P31/wdt:P279* wd:Q33506;
          ?p ?statement.
    ?property a wikibase:Property;
              wikibase:claim ?p.
  }
  GROUP BY ?property
  ORDER BY DESC(?count)
} AS %results WHERE {
  INCLUDE %results.
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "en,en-US,de". }
}
ORDER BY DESC(?count)

Try it!

Properties used for librariesEdit

SELECT ?property ?propertyLabel ?count ?avg WITH {
  SELECT ?property (COUNT(DISTINCT ?item) AS ?count) (COUNT(DISTINCT ?statement)/COUNT(DISTINCT ?item) AS ?avg) WHERE {
    ?item wdt:P31/wdt:P279* wd:Q7075;
          ?p ?statement.
    ?property a wikibase:Property;
              wikibase:claim ?p.
  }
  GROUP BY ?property
  ORDER BY DESC(?count)
} AS %results WHERE {
  INCLUDE %results.
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "en,en-US,de". }
}
ORDER BY DESC(?count)

Try it!

Properties used for archivesEdit

SELECT ?property ?propertyLabel ?count ?avg WITH {
  SELECT ?property (COUNT(DISTINCT ?item) AS ?count) (COUNT(DISTINCT ?statement)/COUNT(DISTINCT ?item) AS ?avg) WHERE {
    ?item wdt:P31/wdt:P279* wd:Q166118;
          ?p ?statement.
    ?property a wikibase:Property;
              wikibase:claim ?p.
  }
  GROUP BY ?property
  ORDER BY DESC(?count)
} AS %results WHERE {
  INCLUDE %results.
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "en,en-US,de". }
}
ORDER BY DESC(?count)

Try it!


Properties of BuildingsEdit

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
instance ofP31Iteminstance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and memberpavillon Gérard-Morisset <instance of> museum building-
occupantP466Itema person or organization occupying propertyKunstmuseum Basel Hauptbau <occupant> Kunstmuseum Basel-
architectP84Itemarchitect: person or architectural firm responsible for designing this buildingpavillon Gérard-Morisset <architect> Wilfrid Lacroix-
architectural styleP149Itemarchitectural style: architectural style of a structurepavillon Gérard-Morisset <architectural style> Neoclassical architecture-
countryP17Itemcountry: sovereign state of this item (not to be used for human beings)Museum Tinguely <country> Switzerland-
located in the administrative territorial entityP131Itemadministrative territorial entity: the item is located on the territory of the following administrative entity. Use P276 (location) for specifying locations that are non-administrative places and for items about eventsMuseum Tinguely <located in the administrative territorial entity> Basel-
street addressP6375Monolingual textstreet address, postal address and street: full street address where subject is located. include building number through to post code. use also P669 if the street is known as a separate elementpavillon Gérard-Morisset <street address>
Français : 1, avenue Wolfe-Montcalm, Québec (Québec) G1R 5H3
-
located on streetP669Itemstreet: street, road, or square, where the item is located. To add the number, use Property:P670 "street number" as qualifier. Use property P6375 if there is no item for the streetLouvre Palace <located on street> rue de Rivoli-
postal codeP281Stringpostal code: identifier assigned by postal authorities for the subject area or buildingOlympic Museum Lausanne <postal code> 1006-
coordinate locationP625Geographic coordinatesgeographic coordinate system: geocoordinates of the subject. For Earth, please note that only WGS84 coordinating system is supported at the momentOlympic Museum Lausanne <coordinate location> 46°30'31"N, 6°38'2"E-

Notes:

Vocabularies and Reference OntologiesEdit

Institution TypesEdit

Refer to the "Typology" section for an overview of institution types. The GND, the Library of Congress Authorities, RAMEAU, and probably further vocabularies maintained by other national libraries or similar institutions contain thesauri for various types of heritage institutions. None of the vocabularies reviewed so far seems to have the ambition to provide a comprehensive typology of heritage institutions. On the contrary, they seem to have grown organically, they often lack proper definitions, they are partly country-specific, and the concepts defined in the different vocabularies are not necessarily congruent. They contain however cross-references, which facilitate a mapping among the different vocabularies.

Municipalities and other administrative territorial entitiesEdit

Municipalities and country sub-divisions should have their own items on Wikidata. This is already the case for many countries, but probably not for all of them. Check out Wikidata:WikiProject Country subdivision and Category:Geographical WikiProjects for information whether a given country has already been covered. If not, ingesting data on all municipalities and other administrative territorial entities should be considered before ingesting data about heritage institutions of a given country.

Mappings to Infobox TemplatesEdit

The tables below contain overviews of infobox templates related to heritage institutions in the various language versions of Wikipedia. The table is far from being complete; feel free to add information about further infobox templates. Where templates presently already include data from Wikidata, this is indicated by a  . Eventually, most data fields used in the templates should also be documented in the "List of Properties" section of this page (at the exception of those relating to buildings); thus the templates can be used as a guide as to which further properties should be included in the inventory of heritage institutions.

Note: There is a mismatch between the ontological approach taken for some of the infoboxes and the one taken in the context of this WikiProject. In fact, some Wikipedia versions, such as the English Wikipedia, originally conceived the infobox templates for museums and libraries as templates for particular types of buildings. In the context of Wikidata it seems reasonable to keep the two classes (buildings and organizations) apart.

See also: Template:Institution – we should also keep an eye on the developments at the interface between Wikimedia Commons and Wikidata, as heritage institutions play an important role as holding institutions of the content at Wikimedia Commons.

To Do ListEdit

The following tasks still need to be done (please chime in!):

  • Split the tables below according to the classes concerned (organizations vs. buildings).
  • Complement the tables by adding information about more language versions.
  • Add a "definition" column; make sure that the definitions given for the various language versions in the same row match the common definition; if not, split the row in two or more rows with matching definitions.
  • Add information about which data fields are required in which languages.
  • Add Wikidata items for the data fields commonly used in templates.
  • In cooperation with the various Wikipedia communities: Modify the code of the templates to have them fetch more data directly from Wikidata; document the templates accordingly.
  • In cooperation with the various Wikipedia communities: Improve the infoboxes on Wikipedia in the light of best practices in other countries; work towards harmonization of the infobox templates across language versions.
  • In cooperation with the various Wikipedia communities: Promote the systematic use of the infoboxes on Wikipedia.

MuseumsEdit

See Template:Infobox museum (Q6232685) for the links to the various language versions of the infobox template for museums.

Wikidata en de es fr it ru pt
name Name nombre nom Nome название nome
sort
nombres
official name (P1448) native_name nombre local nom local   Nome originale оригинал nome_nativo
native_name_lang
logo image (P154) logo   logo   Logo logo
logo_tamanho
logo taille
logo_upright
logo_alt
logo_caption
image (P18) image Bild imagen   image   Immagine файл imagem
tamañoimagen taille image размер imagem_tamanho
Larghezza
image_upright
alt
caption Bildbeschreibung pie_imagen légende Didascalia подпись imagem_legenda
map_type mapa
map_relief
map_size mapa_tamanho
map_caption
mapa_dinâmico
mapa_dinâmico_legenda
mapa_dinâmico_zoom
mapa_dinâmico_altura
mapa_dinâmico_largura
coordinates
localização
coordinate location (P625) Breitengrad   latitude   Latitudine lat_dir | lat_deg | lat_min | lat_sec = latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS
coordinate location (P625) Längengrad   longitude   Longitudine | lon_dir | lon_deg | lon_min | lon_sec longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW
CoordScale
coord_sufixo
coord_título
référence
former_name
inception (P571) established creación Data di fondazione основан fundação
date of official opening (P1619) Eröffnung inauguración   ouverture   Data di apertura
ampliación
dissolved, abolished or demolished (P576) dissolved disolución fermeture   Data di chiusura encerramento
location (various formats, e.g. Town, Province, Country) Ort (Ort, Land) местонахождение (e.g. country, city)
country (P17) país   pays   Stato país
  subdivision 1 type
  subdivision
region
ISO-Region
división
subdivisión
municipio
ciudad ville Località cidade
dirección   adresse Indirizzo
codigo postal
main subject (P921) type Art type  Typologia tipo
tipo (privado o público)
clase
accreditation
key_holdings
collections colecciones collections Collezioni
collection or exhibition size (P1436) collection_size obras œuvres
género genre collections
época époque collections Periodo storico
provenance collections
superficie superficie Superficie espositiva área_m2
visitors per year (P1174) visitors Besucheranzahl visitantes   visiteurs Visitatori посетители visitantes
visitantes_ref
Anno visitatori
precio
founded by (P112) founder   Fondatori основатель
owned by (P127) proprietario   Proprietà proprietário
Betreiber administrador o administradora Gestione
director / manager (P1037) director Leitung director o directora   dirigeant   Direttore директор diretor
president presidente o presidenta presidente
ceo
chairperson
curator conservador o conservadora conservateur curador
edificio monument
estilo
construcción
reforma
protección protection (protection appliquée au bâtiment abritant les collections)
catalogación
declaración
architect (P84) architect Architekt arquitecto   architecte
artista
historian
owner
publictransit
metro
bus
horarios
otros_datos
car_park
parking
network
official website (P856) website Website sitio_web   site   Sito ссылка website
Commons
embedded
ISIL (P791)   ISIL-ID
géolocalisation

Notes:

  • The Spanish template also contains 4 user-specified fields that have not been represented in the overview table.
  • The Spanish template also comprises geolocalisation and map information that has not been included in the overview table.

LibrariesEdit

See Template:Infobox library (Q5636579) for the links to the various language versions of the infobox template for libraries.

Wikidata en fr it de es pt
label name nom Nome Offizieller Name nombre biblioteca_nome
short name (P1813) name_en Kurzname traducción nombre nome_pt
native label (P1705) Nome originale Name in Amts- oder Originalsprache
logo image (P154) logo logo logo biblioteca_logo
logo_size logo taille  logo_tamaño
logo_alt logo_pie
image (P18) image image   Immagine Bild |imagen imagem
image_size Larghezza imagen_tamaño
alt
caption légende Didascalia pie legenda
country (P17) country pays   Stato Staat país país
Regione
ville Città
instance of (P31) type Tipo ist ein(e) tipo tipo
scope Ist Teil von área escopo
Specialistica
inception (P571) established date fondation Apertura Gründungs-/Erstellungsdatum fundación estabelecida
Kulturerbestatus
dissolved, abolished or demolished (P576) dissolved date fermeture Chiusura
ref_legal_mandate ref_mandato_legal
street address (DEPRECATED) (P969) location Indirizzo Adresse ubicación localização
located on street (P669) Straße
located in the administrative territorial entity (P131) liegt in der Verwaltungseinheit
coordinate location (P625) coordinates longitude et latitude   Latitudine e Longitudine geographische Koordinaten coordenadas coordenadas
Postleitzahl
part of (P361) branch_of besteht aus filial_de
member of (P463) Mitglied von
num_branches num_filiais
protection
items_collected criterios_acervo itens_coletados
collection or exhibition size (P1436) collection_size livres  Numero opere   Bestand tamaño_acervo tamanho_acervo
superficie
collections colecciones
criteria critério
legal_deposit depósito_legal depósito_legal
req_to_access requisitos_acceso req_de_acesso
annual_circulation circulação_anual
pop_served préstamos pop_servida
members miembros membros
budget presupuesto orçamento
director / manager (P1037) director Leitung director diretor
arquitecto
empleados
conservateur
gestionnaire propietario/entidad
num_employees num_empregados
architectural style (P149)   Stile
architect (P84)   Architetto
Costruzione
official website (P856) website site web Sito offizielle Website sitio_web website
described at URL (P973) wird beschrieben in URL
references referências
embed
module
Commons-Kategorie
ISIL (P791) isil    ISIL-ID
GitHub-Benutzername
ISNI
GND
SUDOC-Normdaten
LCAuth
Ringgold ID (P3500) Ringgold-Identifikator


ArchivesEdit

See Template:Infobox archive (Q11011669) (Template:Infobox archive (Q13402383)) for the links to the various language versions of the infobox template for archives.

Wikidata de fr ru
label Name nom Название
official name (P1448) autre nom
instance of (P31) Archivtyp type
image (P18) Bild image Изображение
logo image (P154) logo
Bild-Titel
coordinate location (P625) Breitengrad latitude
coordinate location (P625) Längengrad longitude
ISO 3166-2 code (P300) ISO-Region
location (P276) Ort ville
street address (DEPRECATED) (P969) Besucheradresse adresse Местонахождение
inception (P571) Gründung création Дата открытия
dissolved, abolished or demolished (P576) dissolution
collection or exhibition size (P1436) Umfang Archivgut ampleur Количество фондов
Количество дел
Alter des Archivguts Хронологические рамки
ISIL (P791)   ISIL ISIL
ISIL-Name nomISIL
operator (P137) Träger affiliation
director / manager (P1037) dirigeant Директор
employees (P1128) personnel
legal form (P1454) Organisationsform forme juridique
country (P17) pays
{{}} Время работы
phone number (P1329) Телефоны
official website (P856) Website site Сайт
Commons category (P373) Commons

Other Types of InstitutionsEdit

See also: Template:Infobox zoo (Q5911510), Template:Infobox garden (Q13406154), Template:Infobox collection (Q22746166).

ReferencesEdit