Wikidata:WikiProject Visual arts/Item structure



Item structure








People and organisations in the visual arts edit

Creators edit

Individual artists

Artist collectives - groups of artists working together

Typical occupations in the visual arts

Useful visual-arts-related bibliographical encyclopedias and their items of which some need a little care: Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon (Q15791802) (German; online with paywall; based on Thieme-Becker-Vollmer (Q1361256); daughters: Nürnberger Künstlerlexikon (Q21531823), Künstlerlexikon der Antike (Q1797179)); Neues allgemeines Künstler-Lexicon (Q15275409) (German; old); Benezit Dictionary of Artists (Q2929945) (French/English; online)

Those not visual-arts-related: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 (Q25666) (German; online), Große Bayerische Biographische Enzyklopädie (Q41626459) (German; online)

Common properties (including authority control) edit

Since visual arts are a field of human culture persons appear in different roles. Among other properties, instances of Wikidata property for authority control for artists (Q55653847)     , the following are for persons important especially in visual arts:

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
Union List of Artist Names IDP245External identifieridentifier from the Getty Union List of Artist NamesVincent van Gogh <Union List of Artist Names ID> 500115588-
RKDartists IDP650External identifieridentifier in the RKDartists database (Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie)Rembrandt <RKDartists ID> 66219-
SIKART IDP781External identifieridentifier in SIKART, a biographical dictionary and a database on visual art in Switzerland and LiechtensteinLe Corbusier <SIKART ID> 4000293-
Kunstindeks Danmark Artist IDP1138External identifierunique artist identifier used by Kunstindeks DanmarkAsger Jorn <Kunstindeks Danmark Artist ID> 974-
Art UK artist IDP1367External identifierauthority control identifier for artists (creators of publicly owned oil paintings in the UK)Bernardino da Asola <Art UK artist ID> bernardino-da-asola-active-c-15251550- person IDP1422External identifierpersonal Identification number in Research Platform for Art and Cultural History of the 17th Century ( V of Aragon < person ID> 1206-
British Museum person or institution IDP1711External identifieridentifier for a person or institution in the British Museum person-institution thesaurusRembrandt <British Museum person or institution ID> 43386-
National Portrait Gallery (London) person IDP1816External identifieridentifier for sitters and artists represented in the National Portrait Gallery, LondonRichard I. Aaron <National Portrait Gallery (London) person ID> mp78223-
Web Gallery of Art IDP1882External identifieridentifier for an artist in the Web Gallery of ArtAgostino Busti <Web Gallery of Art ID> b/bambaia-
Cooper-Hewitt person IDP2011External identifieridentifier for a person or organization in the Cooper-Hewitt (Smithsonian Institution) catalogueSarah Cooper Hewitt <Cooper-Hewitt person ID> 18049321-
National Gallery of Victoria artist IDP2041External identifieridentifier assigned to an artist by the National Gallery of Victoria in AustraliaAnsel Adams <National Gallery of Victoria artist ID> 2372-
Artsy artist IDP2042External identifieridentifier at the Artsy websiteVincent van Gogh <Artsy artist ID> vincent-van-gogh-
National Gallery of Art artist IDP2252External identifieridentifier assigned to an artist by the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DCGerrit Dou <National Gallery of Art artist ID> 1239-
Musée d'Orsay artist IDP2268External identifiernumeric ID for an artist in the Répertoire des artistes documentation database of the Orsay MuseumClaude Monet <Musée d'Orsay artist ID> 18495-
AGORHA person/institution IDP2342External identifieridentifier for a person or institution in the Agorha database (INHA)Claude Monet <AGORHA person/institution ID> 5b875ae5-3173-46e4-8ca6-ad96016e7a1b-
Stuttgart Database of Scientific Illustrators IDP2349External identifieridentifier for a person, in the University of Stuttgart's Database of Scientific Illustrators, 1450–1950John Arrowsmith <Stuttgart Database of Scientific Illustrators ID> 1538-
J. Paul Getty Museum agent DOR ID (old)P2432External identifieridentifier assigned to an agent by the J. Paul Getty Museum in their legacy internal Digital Object Repository. Replaced by P12040Théodore Géricault <J. Paul Getty Museum agent DOR ID (old)> 493-
Benezit IDP2843External identifieridentifier in Benezit Dictionary of ArtistsMartinus Lengele <Benezit ID> B00107631-
ECARTICO person IDP2915External identifieridentifier for a person, in the ECARTICO biographical database of the Dutch and Flemish Golden AgesErick van den Weerelt <ECARTICO person ID> 8194-
Auckland Art Gallery artist IDP3372External identifieridentifier assigned to an artist by the Auckland Art Gallery in New ZealandDon Binney <Auckland Art Gallery artist ID> 2601-
Artnet artist IDP3782External identifieridentifier of an artist in the Artnet database of auction resultsEdward Davis <Artnet artist ID> edward-thompson-davis-
Boijmans artist IDP3888External identifieridentifier for an artist in the Museum Boijmans Van BeuningenRichard Serra <Boijmans artist ID> 16313-
Pinakothek artist IDP4025External identifieridentifier in the Pinakothek collectionArnold Böcklin <Pinakothek artist ID> MQlx21n4Xq-
Athenaeum person IDP4145External identifierartist id in the Athenaeum artworks websiteLucas Cranach the Elder <Athenaeum person ID> 3498-
Finnish National Gallery artist IDP4177External identifieridentifier for people in the Finnish National GalleryHelene Schjerfbeck <Finnish National Gallery artist ID> 76EF2D1D-802A-4D77-9732-17DCB9B55B5E-
Commons Creator pageP1472StringCommons Creator page: name of Commons Infobox template residing in "Creator" namespace on Wikimedia CommonsStanley R. H. Rogers <Commons Creator page> Stanley R. H. Rogers-
National Gallery of Canada artist IDP5368External identifieridentifier of an artist at the National Gallery of Canada's web siteEmily Carr <National Gallery of Canada artist ID> emily-carr-
MNBAQ artist IDP8336External identifierunique identifier for an artist in the Musée national des beaux-arts du QuébecNapoléon Bourassa <MNBAQ artist ID> 600000125-

Useful qualifiers edit

  • subject named as (P1810) -- to give the form of the artist's name that is preferred by the site
  • number of works (P3740) -- for sites which also have examples of the artist's work (probably only sensible for sites that are complete or only slowly-growing)

Organisations that support the visual arts edit


Other collecting institutions


Works of visual art edit

Types of visual artworks edit

We maintain distinct items for

  1. types of physical artworks
  2. art disciplines
  3. the related profession
  4. a related group of artworks, including as a series


  1. Because these concepts are conceptually different. An artistic discipline is not a work of art; a work of art is not a profession.
  2. This conceptual difference is, among others, reflected in external art history related terminology sources like the Art and Architecture Thesaurus, which also maintains separate terms (paintings (visual works) vs painting (image-making))
  3. Therefore, using them in a wrong way would result in incorrect statements (e.g. Mona Lisa (Q12418) is NOT instance of (P31) the (abstract) art discipline art of painting (Q11629) - the correct statement is that Mona Lisa (Q12418) instance of (P31) painting (Q3305213))


Subclasses of work of art Discipline
(activity (Q1914636)     )
The profession
(profession (Q28640)     )
In a series or set
(series (Q20937557)     )
More info about properties, structure, to do list
work of art (Q838948)     art project (Q21076217)      visual arts (Q36649)      visual artist (Q3391743)      artwork series (Q15709879)     series of creative works (Q7725310)     work with multiple executions (Q28886448)     ensemble of works of art (Q28870066)     

Painted works edit

painting (Q3305213)      art of painting (Q11629)      painter (Q1028181)      painting series (Q15727816)     cycle of paintings (Q16905563)     group of paintings (Q18573970)        See Wikiproject Sum of All Paintings.
oil sketch (Q1964917)     
watercolor painting (Q18761202)      watercolor (Q50030)      watercolorist (Q17505902)     
gouache painting (Q21281546)      wash technique (Q8191842)      painter (Q1028181)     
manuscript illumination (Q8362)      art of illumination (Q22669085)      illuminator (Q998628)      illuminated manuscript (Q48498)     
fresco (Q22669139)      fresco painting (Q134194)      fresco painter (Q22669155)      fresco series (Q22078284)     

cycle of frescoes (Q16905550)     

mural (Q219423)      Mexican muralism (Q938864)      muralist (Q3374326)     
graffiti (Q17514)      street art (Q17516)      graffiti artist (Q15095148)     

Drawn works edit

drawing (Q93184)      art of drawing (Q2921001)      drawer (Q15296811)      drawing series (Q19828370)     

Printed works edit

print (Q11060274)      printmaking (Q271588)      printmaker (Q11569986)      series of prints (Q19960510)     
intaglio printing (Q194177)     


engraving (Q11835431)      engraving process (Q139106)      engraver (Q329439)     
copper engraving print (Q18887969)      copper engraving technique (Q4287629)      copper engraver (Q13365770)     
mezzotint print (Q21647744)      mezzotint technique (Q731980)     
stipple engraving print (Q22669539)      stipple engraving (Q7617514)     
steel engraving print (Q22669546)      steel engraving (Q482097)     
etching print (Q18218093)      etching technique (Q186986)      etcher (Q10862983)     
soft-ground etching (Q22669562)      soft-ground etching technique (Q1049829)     
aquatint print (Q18396864)      aquatint (Q473236)     
drypoint print (Q23657281)      drypoint technique (Q542340)     
monoprinting (Q6901903)     
planographic printing (Q3735299)     


lithograph (Q15123870)      lithography (Q133036)      lithographer (Q16947657)     
zincograph (Q21648161)      zincography (Q204867)     
monotype print (Q22669635)      monotyping (Q156218)     
offset print (Q22004031)      offset printing (Q190408)     
relief printing (Q3921059)     


linocut print (Q22060043)      linocut technique (Q752633)     
woodcut print (Q18219090)      woodcut process (Q173242)     

xylography (Q16295560)     

xylographer (Q1437754)     
chiaroscuro woodcut (Q21648003)      camaieu technique (Q1027977)     
wood engraving print (Q22669664)      wood engraving technique (Q1259197)     
screen print (Q22569957)      screen printing (Q187791)      serigrapher (Q21925567)     
photographic printmaking techniques


photogravure technique (Q1602553)     
rotogravure (Q635658)     
heliogravure print (Q23641696)      heliogravure
photolithography (Q622938)     
collotype technique (Q1572315)     
digital printing techniques


laser print (Q21550731)     
other printing techniques:
blueprint (Q422321)     

Photography edit

photograph (Q125191)      photography (Q11633)      photographer (Q33231)      photograph series (Q20744439)        In progressWikiProject Visual arts/Item structure/Photographs
photo collage photocollage (Q3381561)     
platinum print (Q2098669)     

Other two-dimensional works of visual art edit

pastel (Q12043905)      pastel painting (Q54880418)      pastellist (Q20857490)     
calligraphic work (Q22669850)      calligraphy (Q12681)      calligrapher (Q3303330)     
collage (Q22669857)      collaging (Q170593)      collagist (Q22343478)     
mosaic (Q133067)      mosaic making (Q47008958)      mosaicist (Q282718)     
pietra dura (Q61818913)      pietra dura (Q1044853)      pietra dura artist (Q56578471)     
stained glass (Q1473346)      glass staining (Q115200950)      stained-glass artist (Q2205972)     
tapestry (Q184296)      tapestry weaving (Q29167534)      upholstery (Q1123578)      tapestry series (Q18609875)     
carpet (Q163446)      rug making (Q4415551)      rug maker (Q56118087)     
poster (Q429785)      poster artist (Q739437)     
sgraffito (Q115570126)      sgraffito (Q471835)      sgraffitist (Q54810663)     
embroidery (Q28966302)      embroidery (Q18281)      embroiderer (Q1509440)     

Sculpted works edit

sculpture (Q860861)      art of sculpture (Q11634)      sculptor (Q1281618)      sculpture series (Q19479037)     group of casts (Q28890616)     group of sculptures (Q27031439)        In progressWikiProject Visual arts/Item structure/Sculptures
relief sculpture (Q23662753)      relief sculpture (Q245117)     
bas relief bas-relief (Q14562306)     
haut relief high relief (Q5784272)     
medallion (Q131647)      medalist (Q1708232)     
commemorative plaque (Q721747)     

Installations edit

installation artwork (Q20437094)      installation art (Q212431)      installation artist (Q18074503)      series of installations (Q20895720)        In progressWikiProject Visual arts/Item structure/Installations
audiovisual installation
interactive installation (Q113995901)      interactive art (Q2394336)     
multimedia installation
video installation (Q550484)      video art (Q682010)      video artist (Q18216771)     
sound installation (Q2633362)      sound art (Q1744327)      sound artist (Q19850998)     
light installation (Q1823448)      light art (Q1421557)      light artist (Q108818918)     
kinetic sculpture (Q29857932)      kinetic art (Q466521)      kinetic artist (Q21000481)     

Other three-dimensional works of visual art edit

found object (Q572916)     
assemblage (Q262343)      assemblage artist (Q69319917)     
light sculpture (Q29885984)     
textile design (Q763631)      textile designer (Q18611810)     
textile artwork (Q22075301)      textile art (Q10988986)      textile artist (Q10694573)     
ceramic art (Q13464614)      ceramicist (Q7541856)     
glass art (Q5567091)      studio glass (Q1089246)      glass artist (Q2865798)     
jewelry (Q161439)      jewelry design (Q6189617)      jeweler (Q336221)     
environmental artwork (Q21042249)      land art (Q326478)     
mask (Q161524)     
artist book

Time-based and digital works of visual art edit

time-based visual work (Q106213450)      time-based media (Q57206278)     
performance artwork (Q22672348)      performance art (Q213156)      performance artist (Q10774753)      performance series (Q20968950)     
happening (Q108874)     
video artwork (Q20742776)      video art (Q682010)      video artist (Q18216771)     
video sculpture (Q7927987)     
video installation (Q550484)      video installation artist (Q106227216)     
sound installation (Q2633362)      sound art (Q1744327)     
digital artwork
computer animation
printing plate
mold (mal)
picture frame

Artworks that consist of different parts edit

ensemble of works of art (Q28870066)      n/a n/a
group of sculptures (Q2334148)      n/a n/a
polyptych (Q1278452)      n/a n/a
diptych (Q475476)      n/a n/a
triptych (Q79218)      n/a n/a
quadriptych (Q21915367)      n/a n/a
pentaptych (Q21915380)      n/a n/a
hexaptych (Q21915411)      n/a n/a
heptaptych (Q21915564)      n/a n/a
octaptych (Q21915574)      n/a n/a

Other edit

mixed media (Q1902763)     
street art
illuminated manuscript (Q48498)     
scale model
piece of furniture

Individual objects and parts edit

An object can be part of another object.[1] Groups of artworks should be identified as such by a instance of (P31)-claim with one of the subclasses of group of works (Q17489659) as object. The members of the group should be identified as such by a part of (P361)- or part of the series (P179)-claim – currently both possibilities are used.[2] For prints published in a another published work published in (P1433) should be used.

To refer to a part of an object a qualifier with applies to part (P518) is used. An item describing a part of an object is used as the value. If there is no item for the part and they are unambiguous, the items upper part (Q17525438), lower part (Q17525439), left part (Q17525441), right part (Q17525442) and middle (Q17525443); recto (Q9305022) and verso (Q9368452); obverse (Q257418) and reverse (Q1542661) are used as values of applies to part (P518).[3] The number of parts can be stated with number of parts of this work (P2635) as in The Four Apostles (Q829270).

If there are items describing the parts of an object there is no common practice how to indicate the relative position of the parts to each other unfortunately.

No discussion has taken place on how to describe the relation of two-dimensional objects to their frames. There is P7420) (P7420)) to link to images on Commons with frames. (Those images get often cropped as the images in c:Category:Painting frames show though.)

There are some cases of items (and Wikipedia articles) for a part of an image of a visual artwork. It might need more consideration on how to model them. Examples are The Creation of Adam (Q500242) and Raphael's Cherubs (Q21993480).

Describing individual objects edit

Property Data type description required
instance of (P31) Item that class of which this subject is a particular example and member; different from P279 (subclass of); for example: K2 is an instance of mountain; volcano is a subclass of mountain (and an instance of volcanic landform) yes
creator (P170) Item maker of this creative work or other object (where no more specific property exists) yes
creator's signature (P7457) Commons media file image of the artist's mark on the work that identifies their work no
title (P1476) Monolingual text published name of a work, such as a newspaper article, a literary work, piece of music, a website, or a performance work no
inception (P571) Point in time time when an entity begins to exist; for date of official opening use P1619 yes
depicts (P180) Item entity visually depicted in an image, literarily described in a work, or otherwise incorporated into an audiovisual or other medium; see also P921, 'main subject' no
shown with features (P1354) Item secondary features depicted in a work. Use as qualifier for "depicts" (P180) no
depicts Iconclass notation (P1257) String Iconclass code depicted in an artwork, for linking Iconclass codes with their corresponding artistic themes or concepts, use P1256 (Iconclass notation) no
made from material (P186) Item material the subject or the object is made of or derived from (do not confuse with P10672 which is used for processes) yes
fabrication method (P2079) Item method, process or technique used to grow, cook, weave, build, assemble, manufacture the item no
height (P2048) Quantity vertical length of an entity no
width (P2049) Quantity width of an object no
thickness (P2610) Quantity extent from one surface to the opposite no
commissioned by (P88) Item person or organization that commissioned this work no
location of creation (P1071) Item place where the item was conceived or made; where applicable, location of final assembly
owned by (P127) Item owner of the subject no
coordinates of the point of view (P1259) Geographic coordinates point from which the scene depicted by the element is seen (element can be a photo, a painting, etc.) no
collection (P195) Item art, museum, archival, or bibliographic collection the subject is part of no
inventory number (P217) String identifier for a physical object or a set of physical objects in a collection no
catalog code (P528) String catalog name of an object, use with qualifier P972 no
significant event (P793) Item significant or notable events associated with the subject no
location (P276) Item location of the object, structure or event. In the case of an administrative entity as containing item use P131. For statistical entities use P8138. In the case of a geographic entity use P706. Use P7153 for locations associated with the object no
coordinate location (P625) Geographic coordinates geocoordinates of the subject. For Earth, please note that only WGS84 coordinating system is supported at the moment no
inscription (P1684) Monolingual text inscriptions, markings and signatures on an object no
exhibition history (P608) Item exhibitions where the item is or was displayed no
image (P18) Commons media file image of relevant illustration of the subject; if available, also use more specific properties (sample: coat of arms image, locator map, flag image, signature image, logo image, collage image) no
image with frame (P7420) Commons media file media file of painting or other 2D artwork with its frame or more of its surroundings included no
image of backside (P7417) Commons media file image of the reverse side of this "2D" object no
genre (P136) Item creative work's genre or an artist's field of work (P101). Use main subject (P921) to relate creative works to their topic no
movement (P135) Item literary, artistic, scientific or philosophical movement or scene associated with this person or work. For political ideologies use P1142. no
main subject (P921) Item primary topic of a work (see also P180: depicts) no
based on (P144) Item the work(s) used as the basis for subject item no
inspired by (P941) Item work, human, place or event which inspired this creative work or fictional entity no

A generic list of properties for artworks (and architecture) can be found at WD:List of properties/Works#Art & architecture.

Dimensions edit

There are many properties to describe the dimensions of an object:

All of above properties can be accessed on Commons by files using c:template:Artwork with wikidata field linking it to the related item. See c:Category:Artworks with Wikidata item missing dimensions for images, with size information, linked to wikidata items, without.

Titles and labels edit

Titles are a complicated field. If a work has a title title (P1476) should be used. Help regarding the language selection can be found here.

Generally the label of an item should hold the title of the object it describes if the object has one. For general instructions for labels see Help:Label. The title should be formed with help of the guidelines at en:Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Visual arts#Works of art, at least for English labels, also considering the Cultural Objects Name Authority (Q11409212) Editorial Guidelines, section 3.3 Titles and Names.

In some cases the names of notations in Iconclass (Q1502787) that can be found at might be used in an adapted form as title.

Many works don't have titles. This is the case especially for non-figurative, non-artistic and old objects. A case are archaeological finds. Here often short descriptive expression is used followed by a short form of the holding institution and its inventory number is used as a label. An example is ax head LACMA AC1999.243.1 (Q56600320).

Depicted subjects and iconography edit

The main properties for this are depicts (P180) and main subject (P921). For depicts (P180) one can use shown with features (P1354) qualifier. Also with the qualifier relative position within image (P2677) the relative position on two-dimensional objects can be given using percents of height and width of the object. Note that for models rather than sitters model (P2634) should be used.

depicts Iconclass notation (P1257) can be used to link to Iconclass (Q1502787).

Inscriptions can be given with inscription (P1684).

Images edit

To assign an image on Commons to an object item image (P18) is used. Use the best image available on Commons! For two-dimensional works the image should depict the whole surface without the frame. The image file with the whole surface can then be used as a reference for relative position within image (P2677). Make sure to assign only one image per item since image (P18) has a single value constraint (as of 00:12, 28 April 2016 (UTC))[4].

In case of items related to group of objects, like artwork series (Q15709879) or polyptych (Q1278452), try to find a single image showing multiple objects, otherwise use image with an exemplar object. In case of two-sided objects like coins, processional standard (Q2378522), etc., try to find a single image showing both sides or add two images with applies to part (P518)recto (Q9305022) and applies to part (P518)verso (Q9368452) qualifiers.

Use of creator (P170) in uncertain cases edit

If the work of art is attributed to someone we still use creator (P170) with the creator, but we qualify it with nature of statement (P5102) set to attribution (Q230768).

If no distinguished instance of person (Q215627), organization (Q43229) or group of humans (Q16334295) is known as a value of creator (P170) then anonymous (Q4233718) should be used. creator (P170) should be set to unknown value with qualifier object has role (P3831) set to anonymous (Q4233718). The following qualifiers may be used to link the object to a distinguished instance related to its creator:

  • workshop of (P1774): The object was probably created by students or employees of the artist in the same workshop, possibly with help of the named artist.
  • circle of (P1776): The object is by an unknown artist who lived in the same time as the named artist in a similar style, possibly a follower or someone who had contact with the named artist.
  • follower of (P1775): The object is by unknown artists who work in the manner of the named artist.
  • school of (P1780): The object is by an unknown creator with a style influenced by the known artist or circle, active in the same period, but a student or follower.
  • possible creator (P1779): There is a bigger uncertainty about the creator of the object.
  • manner of (P1777): The object is in similar style as the named artist, but not necessary from the same period.
  • after a work by (P1877): The object was strongly inspired or copied by a work of the named artist.
  • forgery after (P1778): The object is a forgery trying to appear to be the work of the named artist.

If no distinguished instance is known but some qualities of the value of creator (P170) these should be added. For example:

Object history or provenance edit

Those properties are useful:

For the entry of historical dates see Help:Dates, especially also § Inexact dates.

In c:Template:Artwork this information is hold in the object history field, mapping of c:Template:ProvenanceEvent has yet to be done!

The location of an artwork can be described with location (P276). For objects in depots or generally not on display instances of museum storage (Q1191732) can be used like locations of the Bavarian State Painting Collections with works not on display (Q29343881) or Louvre storage (depot) (Q19059868). Cf. also the discussion Wikidata talk:WikiProject sum of all paintings/Archive/2016#Location.

Collection history edit

The main property to describe the collection a work is part of is collection (P195). For works in unspecified private collections use collection (P195)unknown valueobject has role (P3831)private collection (Q768717). For specified private collection an item for the collection should be found or created.

Relations between objects edit

Mona Lisa (Q58087321), print by Luigi Calamatta based on (P144) the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci
Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in his Gallery (Q19939106) depicts (P180) many other artworks

For the relations of groups of works or series see above § Individual objects and parts.

There are some properties to describe relations between works and objects, most of them have corresponding inverse properties or are themselves symmetric properties:

based on (P144)/derivative work (P4969) are used for all kinds of derivation, including preparatory works, studies and the like.[5]

depicts (P180)/depicted by (P1299) can be used where a work depicts another object, for example for Archduke Leopold Wilhelm in his Gallery (Q19939106).

said to be the same as (P460) and different from (P1889) can be used to express a former belief that two objects were identical or different. This case emerges in particular where at least one of the subject was or is only known from other sources like texts. The properties should then be used with the applying qualifiers and sources. statement disputed by (P1310) and statement supported by (P3680) can be useful here.

(See also the CONA guidelines regarding “Related Works”.)

Qualifiers edit

Qualifiers are additional bits of data that make a statement more informative or more accurate. Like the main part of the statement they are composed of a qualifier/value couple. Here are some properties that can be useful as qualifiers:
Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
applies to partP518Itempart of the object for which the statement is true. Examples:
* creator (P170) John Doe applies to part (P518): background (Q13217555)
* made from material (P186): canvas (Q12321255) applies to part (P518): painting support (Q861259)
The Night Watch <made from material> canvas
<applies to part> painting support
determination methodP459Itemdetermination method: the method used by the source to make the statement. Examples:
* creator (P170) John Doe determination method (P459): stylistic analysis (Q11873636)
* point in time (P585) 6000 BC determination method (P459): radiocarbon dating (Q173412)
Venus of Langenzersdorf <inception> 5. millennium BCE
<determination method> radiocarbon dating
imageP18Commons media fileillustration and image: when the image is particularly relevant for a particular statement. Examples:
* The Ambassadors (Q1212937) -> depicts (P180): human skull (Q9604) image (P18): Hans_Holbein_the_Younger_-_The_Ambassadors_-_Google_Art_Project-x1-y2.jpg.
* The Ambassadors (Q1212937) -> inscription (P1684): ÆTATIS SUAE 25 image (P18): Holbein age Selve.JPG
The Ambassadors <inscription> ÆTATIS SUAE 25
<image> Holbein age Selve.JPG
colorP462Itemcolor: as a qualifier for made from material (P186)Large Red Sphere <made from material> granite
<color> red

The context of the visual arts edit

Notable art exhibitions edit

Art movement / Cultural movement / Architectural style / Art group ... edit

Wikidata contains many similar concepts that relate to movements, styles and other tendencies in the arts.

This may sound confusing. It's best to use common sense when distinguishing those. It is OK to use two (or more) concepts at the same time!

Please note: the Art and Architecture Thesaurus (AAT) from the Getty, probably the most widely used art vocabulary in the world, has only one 'branch' to bring all these concepts together. It calls them broadly Styles and Periods and then styles, periods and cultures.

Art movement edit

Cultural movement edit

Architectural style edit

Art group edit

  • An art group (Q4502119) is a club or group of artists who share a common ideal.
  • Usually, an art group has members and a founder. This is not the case for an art movement.
  • Wikidata does not have a separate indicator (yet?) for a so-called 'school' of artists who are contemporaries and who work in the same style, so art group is used in that case too.
  • Examples: The Blue Rider (Q117035), COBRA (Q212611)
  • Item structure and to do list: WikiProject Visual Arts/Item structure/Art groups
  • Many languages don't know a difference between art group and art collective

Artist collective edit

Art colony edit

Art genre edit

Artistic theme edit

Culture / period edit

  • A culture (P2596) (such as Roman or Inca) is an artwork's affiliation with a particular ethno-cultural tradition, although the individual artist may be unknown.
  • A time period (P2348) (such as the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt or the High Middle Ages) is an artwork's affiliation with a cultural-historical era, when it can best be dated by stylistic trends rather than a specific date.
  • earliest date (P1319) and latest date (P1326) can be useful as qualifiers for specifying the range of possible dates assigned by art historians to a work. sourcing circumstances (P1480) can also be use for "circa" or similar terms.
  • An intended public (P2360) is the target audience for a type of art that crosses cultures, such as Chinese export porcelain intended for the Western market.

See also... edit

Linking to other websites edit

Links to Wikipedia and other Wikimedia projects can be done through direct sitelinks and Commons category (P373). For links to other websites, you can use a lot of ID properties, instances of Wikidata property to identify artworks (Q44847669)     , some are here:

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
Joconde work IDP347External identifieridentifier in the Joconde database of the French Ministry of CultureThe Fifer <Joconde work ID> 000PE003910-
RKDimages IDP350External identifieridentifier per RKDimages of the Netherlands Institute for Art HistoryThe Tiger Hunt <RKDimages ID> 198000-
Atlas IDP1212External identifieridentifier in the Atlas database of the Louvre MuseumQ15933804 <Atlas ID> 6261-
Commons categoryP373StringCommons category: name of the Wikimedia Commons category containing files related to this item (without the prefix "Category:")Mona Lisa <Commons category> Mona Lisa-
described at URLP973URLInternet research: item is described at the following URLMona Lisa <described at URL>

described at URL (P973) should be used where an ID property doesn't exist.

Note that these properties may also be used to source the statements see § Providing sources.

Providing sources edit

Some statements do not really need a source (for instance that the Mona Lisa is a portrait or that its Joconde database ID is 000PE025604. However, in many cases, it is useful to provide references. See Help:Sources for more information.

References edit

  1. Cf. also Wikidata:WikiProject Visual arts/Questions#Items for single object parts!?
  2. Example for the use of part of (P361): Sunflowers (Q21948547); example for the use of part of the series (P179): Still Life: Vase with Five Sunflowers (Q11770758). As of 4 January 2015 there is an open discussion about the use of the two properties on Property talk:P179#"has part" inverse uses.
  3. Belly Amphora by the Andokides Painter (Q540716)#P170 uses everything (Q2165236), Attic bilingual vases and their painters (Q11455120) and Attic bilingual vases and their painters (Q11455120).
    Cultural Objects Name Authority (Q11409212) Editorial Guidelines, section List of Subject Extent terms might be taken as a guide for values to be created if needed.
  4. Cf. Property talk:P18.
  5. There was Wikidata:Property proposal/Study for which didn't have a clear outcome.