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fi-N Tämän käyttäjän äidinkieli on suomi.
en-3 This user has advanced knowledge of English.
sv-2 Den här användaren har medelgoda kunskaper i svenska.
fr-1 Cet utilisateur dispose de connaissances de base en français.
de-1 Dieser Benutzer beherrscht Deutsch auf grundlegendem Niveau.
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Jouni T. Tuomisto
chief researcher
National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL)

  • Special interests: environmental health, decision support, open data.
  • Publication list

Global disease burden data from IHME institute

Description of data import was moved to User:John Cummings/Dataimporthub#Global disease burden data from IHME institute. The last version on this page is archived.

A permanent link to IHME data: global disease burden (DALYs and deaths for 2016) [1]

Original data described and preprocessed in Opoasnet.

Remember also these: years of potential life lost (Q2852035), number of injured (P1339), number of missing (P1446), number of casualties (P1590), mortality in Finland (Q24175139)

See instructions on Wikidata:Data Import Guide and User:John Cummings/Dataimporthub. For SPARQL Wikidata:SPARQL tutorial.

Example query in SPARQL (finds 1048 rows but with poor sensitivity and specificity):

The following query uses these:

  • Properties: instance of (P31)     , subclass of (P279)     , ICD-10 (P494)     
    PREFIX schema: <>
    SELECT ?disease ?diseaseLabel (MIN(?icd) AS ?ICD10) ?article WHERE {
      ?disease wdt:P31/wdt:P279* wd:Q12136.
      ?disease wdt:P494 ?icd.
      ?article schema:about ?disease.
      ?article schema:isPartOf <>.
      SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "en,[AUTO_LANGUAGE]". }
    GROUP BY ?disease ?diseaseLabel ?article
    ORDER BY ?diseaseLabel
    LIMIT 2000

Template: Medical properties


Opasnet - Wikidata connection


We start the pilot by adding some existing disease burden data from a credible source (IHME Institute) into Wikidata and link to those data from Wikipedia.

The first set of data that is to be uploaded to Wikidata is the burden of disease estimates. Global estimates from the IHME Institute to English Wikipedia to populate disease and risk factor pages. For details of this work, see Burden of disease.

When adding data to Wikidata, there are some tricks you should know. These can be found from the documentation as well, but I highlight some issues that may save time and trouble.

Items and properties


Properties are things that define the relation of the item and the value. Technically, items and properties are wiki pages in Wikidata and they have a unique number starting with Q (items) or P (properties). A particular property only accepts certain kind of values. Often values are also items, but sometimes numbers or strings.

See 'Help:Modeling causes' for examples and discussion.

For diseases, use has contributing factor rather than has cause when linking risk factors, because almost always a disease has several risk factors, and often one risk factor works with others to cause a case. Also, even if a risk factor is the single cause of a particular case, we do not want to imply that ALL cases of that disease are caused by a single risk factor.

All statements should have references. References are also statement triplets within a main statement. This kind of references should be used, in the order of preference. For details, see Help:Sources.

  • inventory number (P217) for URN numbers (URN itself is not a property!?)
  • Stated in (P248) requires an item as the value. So, if you want to have e.g. a book as reference, you must first add the book as item to the database and then link to the item. See Help:Sources before doing this.
  • Reference URL (P854) is the default property for some reason. However, use it only if the reference already has been added to Wikidata as item.
  • Imported from (P143) should be used if the data comes directly from another database. This is relevant if/when Opasnet (or part of it) is considered as a credible source and data can be directly downloaded from there.
    • For example: Imported from (P143) Opasnet (Q7095608)

Also organisations can be used as references:

  • imported from (P143) National Institute for Health and Welfare (Q4354957)
    • Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (Q6039400)
  • Opasnet (Q7095608) in Wikidata

Other useful:

We need a properties and units of measurement. This is how it goes.

Environmental and other pages where we might want to add infoboxes:

Other things


lead (Q708) → "exposure" 0.5 umol/l

criterion used (P1013) blood concentration (Q24276435)
location (P276) India (Q668)
of (P642) child (Q7569)
point in time (P585) 2014

Useful properties

Wikidata properties and lists of properties
By number

Sets and logical


property does not exist. Use "id=new" if it's to be created.


Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
instance ofP31Iteminstance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and member; different from P279 (subclass of); for example: K2 is an instance of mountain; volcano is a subclass of mountain (and an instance of volcanic landform)Nelson Mandela <instance of> human-
subclass ofP279Itemsubclass of: this item is a subclass (subset) of that item; all instances of this item are instances of that item; different from P31 (instance of), e.g.: K2 is an instance of mountain; volcano is a subclass of mountain (and an instance of volcanic landform)apple <subclass of> fruit-
is a list ofP360Itemlist: common element between all listed itemslist of presidents of France <is a list of> humanhas list
part ofP361Itempart: object of which the subject is a part (if this subject is already part of object A which is a part of object B, then please only make the subject part of object A), inverse property of "has part" (P527, see also "has parts of the class" (P2670))ear <part of> headhas part(s)
said to be the same asP460Itemsaid to be the same as: this item is said to be the same as that item, though this may be uncertain or disputedMaidilibala <said to be the same as> Uskhal Khan Tögüs Temür-
opposite ofP461Itemopposite and antonym: item that is in some way the opposite of this itemwar <opposite of> peaceopposite of
has part(s)P527Itemhas part, consist of and meronymy: part of this subject; inverse property of "part of" (P361). See also "has parts of the class" (P2670).United States Congress <has part(s)> United States Senate and United States House of Representativespart of
used byP1535Itemuser: item or concept that makes use of the subject (use sub-properties when appropriate)remote control <used by> television watcheruses
usesP2283Itemuse: item or concept used by the subject or in the operation (see also instrument [P1303] and armament [P520])painter <uses> paintbrush and paintused by
has characteristicP1552Itemquality: inherent or distinguishing quality or feature of the entity. Use a more specific property when possible.human <has characteristic> genderof
manifestation ofP1557Itemmanifestation: inherent and characteristic embodiment of a given conceptorganism <manifestation of> life-
subproperty ofP1647Propertysubproperty: all resources related by this property are also related by that propertyparent taxon <subproperty of> subclass of-
inverse propertyP1696Propertyinverse: links a property to its inverse property (which relates the subject and object in reverse order)part of <inverse property> has part(s)-
equivalent classP1709URLequivalence class: equivalent class in other ontologies (use property URI)bus stop <equivalent class>
input setP1851Iteminput set: a superset of the domain of a function or relation that may include some inputs for which the function is not defined; to specify the set of only those inputs for which the function is defined use domain (P1568)tangent <input set> set of real numbers-
different fromP1889Itemdifferent from: item that is different from another item, with which it may be confusedKowalski <different from> Kowalskidifferent from
properties for this typeP1963Propertywhen this subject is used as object of “instance of”, the following properties normally applybridge <properties for this type> number of spans and longest span-
classification of raceP2502Itemrace for which this classification appliesgeneral classification of the 2015 Coupe Sels <classification of race> 2015 Schaal Selsresults
statement is subject ofP805Item(qualifying) item that describes the relation identified in this statementBarack Obama <statement is subject of> presidency of Barack Obamamain subject


Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
approved byP790Itemguideline: item is approved by other item(s) [qualifier: statement is approved by other item(s)]GNU General Public License <approved by> Open Source Initiative-
statement disputed byP1310Itemcontroversy and Opinion: entity that disputes a given statementWaltz No. 17 in E-flat major, Op. posth. <statement disputed by> Chomiński catalog-
Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
has causeP828Itemcause: underlying cause, thing that ultimately resulted in this effectmercury poisoning <has cause> mercuryhas effect
has immediate causeP1478Itemcause: nearest, proximate thing that directly resulted in the subject as outcome or effect. Used in conjunction with 'has cause' (i.e. underlying cause) and 'has contributing factor'. See 'Help:Modeling causes'.malaria <has immediate cause> Culicidaeimmediate cause of
has contributing factorP1479Itemcontributing factor: thing that significantly influenced, but did not directly cause, this outcome or effect. Used in conjunction with 'has cause' and 'has immediate cause'. See 'Help:Modeling causes'.American Civil War <has contributing factor> caning of Charles Sumnercontributing factor of
immediate cause ofP1536Itemcause: immediate effect of this causeAmerican Civil War <immediate cause of> assassination of Abraham Lincolnhas immediate cause
contributing factor ofP1537Itemcontributing factor: thing that is significantly influenced by this cause, but does not directly result from it. See 'Help:Modeling causes' for examples and discussion.obesity <contributing factor of> heart diseasehas contributing factor
has effectP1542Itemeffect and cause: effect of this itemmercury <has effect> mercury poisoninghas cause



These properties are in the order of preference. Stated in is used for references that are Wikidata items.

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
route of administrationP636Itemroute of administration: path by which a drug, fluid, poison, or other substance is taken into the bodyaspirin <route of administration> intramuscular injection-
symptoms and signsP780Itemsymptom: possible symptoms or signs of a medical conditionmeningitis <symptoms and signs> headache-
disease transmission processP1060Itempathogen transmission: process by which a pathogen is transmitted, equivalent to "transmitted by" in the relation ontology <disease transmission process> airborne transmission-
populationP1082Quantitynumber of individuals and human population: number of people inhabiting the place; number of people of subjectSan Francisco <population> 892,533-
prevalenceP1193Quantityprevalence: portion in percent of a population with a given disease or disorderHuntington's disease <prevalence> 0.000123-
manner of deathP1196Itemmanner of death: general circumstances of a person's death; e.g. natural causes, accident, suicide, homicide, etc. Use 'cause of death' (P509) for the specific physiological mechanism, e.g. heart attack, trauma, pneumonia etc.Adolf Eichmann <manner of death> capital punishment-
number of injuredP1339Quantityinjury: number of people with non-fatal injuries in an eventSeptember 11 attacks <number of injured> 6,000-
number of missingP1446Quantitynumber of people missing after an event - qualify with "point in time (P585)"2013 Lushan earthquake <number of missing> 23-
number of survivorsP1561Quantitynumber of people surviving an eventEssing bridge accident <number of survivors> 1-
number of casualtiesP1590Quantitynumber of people dead or injured because of this event. Used when precise data on number of deaths and number of injured is unavailable.Hurricane Patricia <number of casualties> 8-
number of casesP1603Quantitynumber of infected: cumulative number of confirmed, probable and suspected occurrencesWestern African Ebola virus epidemic <number of cases> 13,703-
side effectP1909Itemside effect and adverse drug reaction: effect of a medication or procedure, that occurs next to the desired effectinfluenza vaccine <side effect> sore throat-
half-lifeP2114Quantityhalf-life: time required for the amount of something to fall to half its initial valueuranium-235 <half-life> 704,000,000 annum-
life expectancyP2250Quantitylife expectancy: average life expectancy for this group or speciesPug <life expectancy> 13.5 year-
event intervalP2257Quantityrecurring entity: standard nominal interval between scheduled or regularly recurring events. Include unit of time, e.g. "year" (Q577). 1/(event frequency). time period of periodically occurring eventOlympic Games <event interval>year-
minimal lethal doseP2300Quantitylowest published lethal dose: lowest concentration of a toxic substance in an environmental medium that kills individual organisms or test species under a defined set of conditionsacetone <minimal lethal dose> 45.455 parts per million-
incidenceP2844Quantityincidence: probability of occurrence of a given condition in a population within a specified period of timehepatitis C <incidence> 0.5 cases per 100000 person-years-
disease burdenP2854Quantitydisease burden: impact of a health problem as measured by financial cost, mortality, morbidity, or other indicators. It is often quantified in terms of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) or disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)tuberculosis <disease burden> 34,200,000 disability-adjusted life year-

Property constraints

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
stated inP248Itemreference: to be used in the references field to refer to the information document or database in which a claim is made; for qualifiers use P805; for the type of document in which a claim is made use P3865Property talk:P248-
PubMed publication IDP698External identifierPubMed ID: identifier for journal articles/abstracts in PubMedA Study of Variables Affecting the Quality of Platelets Stored at “Room Temperature” <PubMed publication ID> 823-
DOIP356External identifierdigital object identifier: serial code used to uniquely identify digital objects like academic papers (use upper case letters only)Ecological guild evolution and the discovery of the world's smallest vertebrate <DOI> 10.1371/JOURNAL.PONE.0029797-
inventory numberP217Stringaccession number: identifier for a physical object or a set of physical objects in a collectionThe Night Watch <inventory number> SK-C-5-
reference URLP854URLURL: should be used for Internet URLs as references. Use "Wikimedia import URL" (P4656) for imports from WMF sitesGeorge Washington <reference URL>
imported from Wikimedia projectP143ItemWikimedia Foundation project: source of this claim's value; used in references section by bots or humans importing data from Wikimedia projectsProperty talk:P143-
PubMed HealthP653External identifieridentifier for a physiological condition, in the PubMed Health websitemyocardial infarction <PubMed Health> PMH0001246-
related propertyP1659Propertyrelated property: used to indicate another property that might provide additional information about the subjectwebsite account on <related property> X username and Facebook username-


Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
property constraintP2302Itemproperty constraint: constraint applicable to a Wikidata propertyIMDb ID <property constraint> distinct-values constraint-
exception to constraintP2303Itemitem that is an exception to the constraint, qualifier to define a property constraint in combination with P2302IUCN conservation status <exception to constraint> Varia jamoerensis-
group byP2304PropertyGROUP BY: qualifier to define a property constraint in combination with P2302 (Wikidata property constraint) that is used to group constraint violations in constraint violation reportsProperty talk:P2304-
item of property constraintP2305Itemallowed-entity-types constraint: qualifier to define a property constraint in combination with "property constraint" (P2302)mass <item of property constraint> kilogram-
propertyP2306PropertyWikidata property: qualifier to define a property constraint in combination with P2302 (property constraint), or to limit the scope of Q44292881 (wikidata statement)Property talk:P2306-
Wikimedia Commons namespaceP2307Stringqualifier used with the Commons link property constraint (Q21510852) to specify acceptable Wikimedia Commons namespaces that a property value can link toProperty talk:P2307-
classP2308Itemclass: qualifier to define a property constraint in combination with "property constraint" (P2302)Property talk:P2308-
relationP2309Itemrelation and relation: qualifier to define a property constraint in combination with P2302. Possibly values are: "instance of", "subclass of" or "instance or subclass of". The qualifier to use with the property "relative" is "type of kinship" (P1039), not thisProperty talk:P2309-
minimum date (property constraint)P2310Point in timequalifier to define a property constraint in combination with "property constraint" (P2302)Property talk:P2310-
maximum date (property constraint)P2311Point in timequalifier to define a property constraint in combination with "property constraint" (P2302). Use "unknown value" for current date.Property talk:P2311-
maximum valueP2312Quantitymaximum: qualifier to define a property constraint in combination with P2302. "no value" can be used to specify no upper boundrange constraint <maximum value> 1,234-
minimum valueP2313Quantityminimum: qualifier to define a property constraint in combination with P2302range constraint <minimum value> 0-
comment (DEPRECATED)P2315Monolingual textto be deleted: replace with "syntax clarification" (P2916) or add the usage note in the items description.Property talk:P2315-
constraint statusP2316ItemWikidata constraint status: qualifier to define a property constraint in combination with P2302. Use values "mandatory constraint" or "suggestion constraint"property scope constraint <constraint status> mandatory constraint-

property does not exist. Use "id=new" if it's to be created.

property does not exist. Use "id=new" if it's to be created. property does not exist. Use "id=new" if it's to be created. property does not exist. Use "id=new" if it's to be created. property does not exist. Use "id=new" if it's to be created.

Title ID Data type Description Examples Inverse
followsP155Itemfollows: immediately prior item in a series of which the subject is a part, preferably use as qualifier of P179 [if the subject has replaced the preceding item, e.g. political offices, use "replaces" (P1365)]Star Wars: Episode V – The Empire Strikes Back <follows> Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hopefollowed by
followed byP156Itemfollowed by: immediately following item in a series of which the subject is a part, preferably use as qualifier of P179 [if the subject has been replaced, e.g. political offices, use "replaced by" (P1366)]March <followed by> Aprilfollows
applies to partP518Itempart, aspect, or form of the item to which the claim appliesLady with an Ermine <applies to part> painting support-
start timeP580Point in timestart time: time an entity begins to exist or a statement starts being validJapan <start time> -
end timeP582Point in timeend time: moment when an entity ceases to exist or a statement stops being validBaroque <end time> 1750sdate QS:P,+1750-00-00T00:00:00Z/8-
point in timeP585Point in timepoint in time: date something took place, existed or a statement was true; for providing time use the "refine date" property (P4241)2012 United States presidential election <point in time> -
ofP642Item(This property is being deprecated, see details at WD:P642) qualifier stating that a statement applies within the scope of a particular itemProperty talk:P642has characteristic
cause of destructionP770Itemcause of destruction: item which caused the destruction of the subject itemColossus of Rhodes <cause of destruction> earthquakedestroyed
separated fromP807Itemseparation: subject was founded or started by separating from identified objectPresbyterian Church in America <separated from> Presbyterian Church in the United Statesmerged into
excludingP1011Itemexception: usually used as a qualifierBritish Islands <excluding> Republic of Ireland-
includingP1012Itemusually used as a qualifier2015 San Bernardino shooting <including> suspect-
criterion usedP1013Itemcriterion: property by which a distinction or classification is madenorth <criterion used> direction-
product or material produced or service providedP1056Itemproduct: material or product produced by an organization, industry, facility, or processJaduguda Uranium Mine <product or material produced or service provided> uranium-
proportionP1107Quantityproportion: to be used as a qualifier, value must be between 0 and 1mayonnaise <proportion> 0.7-
quantityP1114Quantitynumber of objects: number of instances of this subject in the universe of the subject (the actual number of instances in Wikidata may be lower or higher)U.S. state <quantity> 50-
valid in periodP1264Itemtime period when a statement is validTübingen <valid in period> standard time-
facet ofP1269Itemaspect: topic of which this item is an aspect, item that offers a broader perspective on the same topicwater (data page) <facet of> water-
rankingP1352Quantityranking: subject's ordinal position as qualitatively evaluated relative to other members of a groupXu Xin <ranking> 1-
replacesP1365Itemreplaced entity: person, state or item replaced. Use "structure replaces" (P1398) for structures. Use "follows" (P155) if the previous item was not replaced or predecessor and successor are identicalBarack Obama <replaces> George W. Bushreplaced by
replaced byP1366Itemreplacing entity: other person or item which continues the item by replacing it in its role. Use P156 ("followed by") if the item is not replaced nor identical, but adds to the series (e.g. books in a series).Ptolemy XII Auletes <replaced by> Cleopatrareplaces
definition domainP1568Itemdomain of a function: set of "input" or argument values for which a mathematical function is definedsquare function <definition domain> set of real numbers-
Wikidata propertyP1687PropertyWikidata property: main Wikidata property for this itemacademic discipline <Wikidata property> studied inWikidata item of this property
measurement scaleP1880Itemmeasurement scale: scale by which a phenomenon is measuredearthquake <measurement scale> Richter scale-
relative toP2210Itemreference point: qualifier: what a statement value is relative toZugspitze <relative to> Normalhöhennull-
intended publicP2360Itemtarget audience: this work, product, object or event is intended for, or has been designed to that person or group of people, animals, plants, etcNaive Set Theory <intended public> teenager-
resultsP2501Itemresults of a competition such as sports or elections2015 Schaal Sels <results> general classification of the 2015 Coupe Selsclassification of race