We used the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) model (a widely used and famous conceptual framework in library science) to divide the Book properties in 2 sets. The FRBR model underlines the fact that you can view a book in 4 different ways, or levels: as a work, as an expression, a manifestation or an item.
Within Wikimedia projects, we don't need all 4 of them: for example, when Wikipedia has an article about a book, it is often in the "work" view (i.e. the Bible, Pinocchio, Hamlet are regarded as "creative works", which have been embodied in several translation and editions and different media).
On Wikisource, a particular edition (sometimes, we have more than one) is used for a book. As we have different Wikisources, we thus have also translations.
Not to complicate too much, we didn't use the FRBR terms "expression" or "manifestation", as the boundary between the definitions it's not easy to grasp. So we used "edition" instead, collapsing those 2 FRBR layers in 1 (other conceptual frameworks similar to FRBR (like Bibframe) collapse those 2 layers too). Thus the double layer work - edition has been used for creating Book properties.
Work item propertiesEdit
These properties are for the first item that represents a book (FRBR work level). They are mainly meant to be used for items linked to Wikipedia pages.
Works should be instances of written work (Q47461344) or one of its subclasses.
|instance of||P31||Item||instance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and member (subject typically an individual member with a proper name label); different from P279; using this property as a qualifier is deprecated—use P2868 or P3831 instead||The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas <instance of> written work||-|
|author||P50||Item||author: main creator(s) of a written work (use on works, not humans)||Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone <author> J. K. Rowling||-|
|possible creator||P1779||Item||creator: for a creative work with considerable uncertainty about the author||Rampin Rider <possible creator> Rampin Master||-|
|contributor(s) to the creative work||P767||Item||contributor: person or organization that contributed to a subject: co-creator of a creative work||Discworld Noir <contributor(s) to the creative work> Terry Pratchett||contributed to creative work|
|editor||P98||Item||editor: editor of a compiled work such as a book or a periodical (newspaper or an academic journal)||Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950 <editor> Austrian Academy of Sciences||-|
|title||P1476||Monolingual text||original title and title: published title of a work, such as a newspaper article, a literary work, a website, or a performance work||Diary of Anne Frank <title> Het Achterhuis||-|
|subtitle||P1680||Monolingual text||subtitle: for works, when the title is followed by a subtitle||Diary of Anne Frank <subtitle> Dagboekbrieven van 12 Juni 1942 – 1 Augustus 1944||-|
|language of work or name||P407||Item||language: language associated with this creative work (such as books, shows, songs, or websites) or a name (for persons use P103 and P1412)||Diary of Anne Frank <language of work or name> Dutch||-|
|inception||P571||Point in time||inception and date of establishment: date or point in time when the organization/subject was founded/created||Tirant lo Blanch <inception> 1490||dissolved, abolished or demolished|
|movement||P135||Item||cultural movement: literary, artistic, scientific or philosophical movement associated with this person or work||Urbi et orbi <movement> Russian symbolism||-|
|genre||P136||Item||genre: creative work's genre or an artist's field of work (P101). Use main subject (P921) to relate creative works to their topic||The Hours <genre> novel||-|
|main subject||P921||Item||topic: primary topic of a work (see also P180: depicts)||The Party Journalist <main subject> radio propaganda||-|
|Dewey Decimal Classification||P1036||String||Dewey Decimal Classification: use with qualifier "edition (p747)" with item value "DDC 23" or create new item to represent the corresponding DDC edition||The Party Journalist <Dewey Decimal Classification> 791.44609431 [DDC22ger]||-|
|Library of Congress Classification||P1149||String||Library of Congress Classification: subject classification identifier used in the Library of Congress Classification system||The Party Journalist <Library of Congress Classification> PN1990.6.G3||-|
|Chinese Library Classification||P1189||External identifier||Chinese Library Classification: identifier used for this class in the CLC||The Party Journalist <Chinese Library Classification> G229.517||-|
|Universal Decimal Classification||P1190||String||Universal Decimal Classification: type of library classification||The Party Journalist <Universal Decimal Classification> 316.774:32||-|
|award received||P166||Item||award and category of award: award or recognition received by a person, organisation or creative work||The Hours <award received> Pulitzer Prize for Fiction||winner|
|follows||P155||Item||follows: immediately prior item in a series of which the subject is a part [if the subject has replaced the preceding item, e.g. political offices, use "replaces" (P1365)]||A Feast for Crows <follows> A Storm of Swords||followed by|
|followed by||P156||Item||followed by: immediately following item in a series of which the subject is a part [if the subject has been replaced, e.g. political offices, use "replaced by" (P1366)]||A Feast for Crows <followed by> A Dance with Dragons||follows|
|part of the series||P179||Item||series of creative works: series which contains the subject||A Feast for Crows <part of the series> A Song of Ice and Fire||-|
|based on||P144||Item||based on: the work(s) used as the basis for subject item||Pride and Prejudice and Zombies <based on> Pride and Prejudice||derivative work|
|inspired by||P941||Item||work, human, place or event which inspired this creative work or fictional entity||The Golden Key, or the Adventures of Buratino <inspired by> The Adventures of Pinocchio||-|
|characters||P674||Item||fictional character: characters which appear in this item (like plays, operas, operettas, books, comics, films, TV series, video games)||The Three Musketeers <characters> Charles de Batz-Castelmore d'Artagnan||present in work|
|narrative location||P840||Item||geographic setting of film: the narrative of the work is set in this location||The Fall of the King <narrative location> Himmerland||-|
|image||P18||Commons media file||illustration: image of relevant illustration of the subject; if available, use more specific properties (sample: coat of arms image, locator map, flag image, signature image, logo image, collage image); only images which exist on Wikimedia Commons are acceptable||Tirant lo Blanch <image> Tirante el Blanco 1511.jpg||-|
|OCLC work ID||P5331||External identifier||Online Computer Library Center: identifier for a work-level item in the OCLC linked data system||Q11897247 <OCLC work ID> 2564937689||-|
|Open Library ID||P648||External identifier||Open Library: identifier for a work ("W"), edition ("M") or author ("A") for book data of the Internet Archive||Mister President <Open Library ID> OL938688W||-|
|LibraryThing work ID||P1085||External identifier||LibraryThing: LibraryThing (LT) control number||The Seven Messengers <LibraryThing work ID> 6068145||-|
|has edition||P747||Item||version, edition, or translation, translation and source text: link to an edition of this item||Brockhaus Enzyklopädie <has edition> Brockhaus Enzyklopädie (21 ed.)||edition or translation of|
|sourcing circumstances||P1480||Item||qualification of the truth or accuracy of a source: circa (Q5727902), near (Q21818619), presumably (Q18122778), etc.||gas lighting <sourcing circumstances> circa||-|
|Babelio work ID||P3631||External identifier||Babelio: identifier for a book on the literature website Babelio||The Stranger <Babelio work ID> 3874||-|
|contributed to creative work||P3919||Item||collaborative writing: person is cited as contributing to some creative or published work or series (qualify with "subject has role", P2868)||John Morley, 1st Viscount Morley of Blackburn <contributed to creative work> Dictionary of National Biography||contributor(s) to the creative work|
Edition item propertiesEdit
These properties are for the item that represents the edition of a book (FRBR expression/manifestation level). They are mainly for editions of books used as sources.
Note that each edition of a book should have a separate Wikidata item. If the content (foreword, afterword, illustration), pagination (page number), publisher, or publication place changes, a new item should be created for that edition. If a book is an identical reprint of a previous edition (no change in the mentioned properties), it does not need a new item.
Editions should be instances of version, edition, or translation (Q3331189) or one of its subclasses.
|instance of||P31||Item||instance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and member (subject typically an individual member with a proper name label); different from P279; using this property as a qualifier is deprecated—use P2868 or P3831 instead||Brockhaus Enzyklopädie (21 ed.) <instance of> version, edition, or translation||-|
|edition or translation of||P629||Item||version, edition, or translation: is an edition or translation of this entity||Brockhaus Enzyklopädie (21 ed.) <edition or translation of> Brockhaus Enzyklopädie||has edition|
|language of work or name||P407||Item||language: language associated with this creative work (such as books, shows, songs, or websites) or a name (for persons use P103 and P1412)||Autobiografia di Alice Toklas (translation) <language of work or name> Italian||-|
|author||P50||Item||author: main creator(s) of a written work (use on works, not humans)||Autobiografia di Alice Toklas (translation) <author> Gertrude Stein||-|
|translator||P655||Item||translator: person who adapts a creative work to another language||Autobiografia di Alice Toklas (translation) <translator> Cesare Pavese||-|
|editor||P98||Item||editor: editor of a compiled work such as a book or a periodical (newspaper or an academic journal)||Eclipse of Reason <editor> Alfred Schmidt||-|
|illustrator||P110||Item||illustrator: person drawing the pictures in a book||Barefoot on the fire <illustrator> Mikhail Filippovich||-|
|contributor(s) to the creative work||P767||Item||contributor: person or organization that contributed to a subject: co-creator of a creative work||Discworld Noir <contributor(s) to the creative work> Terry Pratchett||contributed to creative work|
|author of foreword||P2679||Item||person who wrote the preface, foreword, or introduction of the book but who isn't an author of the rest of the book||Bottroper Protokolle <author of foreword> Martin Walser||-|
|author of afterword||P2680||Item||person who wrote the postface, afterword, or conclusion of the book but who isn't an author of the rest of the book||Nineteen Eighty-Four <author of afterword> Erich Fromm||-|
|title||P1476||Monolingual text||original title and title: title of this particular edition||The Tower <title> Der Turm||-|
|subtitle||P1680||Monolingual text||subtitle: subtitle of this particular edition||The Tower <subtitle> Geschichte aus einem versunkenen Land||-|
|edition number||P393||String||number of this edition (first, second, ... as 1, 2, ...) of a book or event||The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1st edition) <edition number> 1||-|
|place of publication||P291||Item||place of publication: geographical place of publication of the edition (use 1st edition when referring to works)||The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1st edition) <place of publication> New York City||-|
|publisher||P123||Item||publisher: organization or person responsible for publishing books, periodicals, games or software||The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1st edition) <publisher> Harcourt||-|
|publication date||P577||Point in time||date of publication: date or point in time when a work was first published or released||The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1st edition) <publication date> 1933||-|
|printed by||P872||Item||organization or person who printed the creative work (if different from "publisher")||Gutenberg Bible <printed by> Johannes Gutenberg||-|
|collection||P195||Item||collection: art, museum or bibliographic collection the subject is part of||Gutenberg Bible <collection> Widener Library||-|
|image||P18||Commons media file||illustration: image of relevant illustration of the subject; if available, use more specific properties (sample: coat of arms image, locator map, flag image, signature image, logo image, collage image); only images which exist on Wikimedia Commons are acceptable||Gutenberg Bible <image> Gutenberg Bible, Lenox Copy, New York Public Library, 2009. Pic 01.jpg||-|
|number of pages||P1104||Quantity||page: number of pages in an edition of a written work||Der Herr Präsident <number of pages> 242||-|
|number of parts of this work of art||P2635||Quantity||Use with volume (Q1238720) or chapter (Q1980247) as the units||My Life in Two Hemispheres <number of parts of this work of art> ||-|
|ISBN-10||P957||External identifier||International Standard Book Number: numeric commercial book identifier (for correct presentation, the 10 digits of an ISBN must be divided by hyphens)||Monsieur le Président <ISBN-10> 2-08-070455-9||-|
|ISBN-13||P212||External identifier||International Standard Book Number: numeric commercial book identifier (for correct presentation, the 13 digits of an ISBN must be divided by hyphens; ISBN-13 Online Converter for older numbers)||El Señor Presidente (critical edition) <ISBN-13> 978-84-89666-51-1||-|
|SUDOC editions||P1025||External identifier||SUDOC: identifier in the French union catalog (see also P269)||The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1st edition) <SUDOC editions> 056055145||-|
|SWB editions||P1044||External identifier||South-West German Library Network: union catalog of the South-West German Library Network (SWB)||The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1st edition) <SWB editions> 013500643||-|
|EUL editions||P1084||External identifier||identifier for a book (edition) in the Egyptian union catalog||Ehrenwerter Herr (German edition, 1996) <EUL editions> 835285022||-|
|BN (Argentine) editions||P1143||External identifier||National Library of the Argentine Republic: catalogue number for books (editions) in the National Library of the Argentine Republic||El Señor Presidente (critical edition) <BN (Argentine) editions> 000188710||-|
|DNB editions||P1292||External identifier||German National Library: identifier in the German National Library catalogue (see also authority data P227)||Ehrenwerter Herr (German edition, 1996) <DNB editions> 948859040||-|
|OCLC control number||P243||External identifier||Online Computer Library Center and WorldCat: identifier from the Online Computer Library Center||The Autobiography of Alice B. Toklas (1st edition) <OCLC control number> 190771||-|
|Open Library ID||P648||External identifier||Open Library: identifier for a work ("W"), edition ("M") or author ("A") for book data of the Internet Archive||Monsieur le Président <Open Library ID> OL19717630M||-|
|Google Books ID||P675||External identifier||identifier for a book that Google has scanned||Tirant lo Blanch (original edition) <Google Books ID> 7r14FzJdSuAC||-|
|Internet Archive ID||P724||External identifier||Internet Archive: identifier for an item on archive.org||Frankenstein <Internet Archive ID> ghostseer01schiuoft||-|
|RSL scanned book's identifier||P1815||String||identifier of the Russian State Library||The Kiss and Other Stories by Anton Tchekhoff <RSL scanned book's identifier> 01004438677||-|
|RSL editions||P1973||External identifier||catalogue number of the Russian State Library of Moscow (see also P1815 and P947)||Q19610651 <RSL editions> 003564198||-|
|legal citation of this text||P1031||String||legal citation: for old versions of legislation||Constitution Act, 1867, as amended <legal citation of this text> 30 & 31 Vict, c 3 (UK), reprinted in RSC 1985, App II, No 5, as amended by SC 2011, c 26.||-|
|Project Gutenberg ebook ID||P2034||External identifier||Project Gutenberg: ebook identifier at Project Gutenberg||A Small Boy and Others <Project Gutenberg ebook ID> 2611||-|
|BnF ID||P268||External identifier||BNF authorities: identifier for the subject issued by BNF (Bibliothèque nationale de France). Format: 8 digits followed by a check-digit or letter, do not include the initial 'cb'.||René Magritte <BnF ID> 123735831||-|
|ESTC citation number||P3939||External identifier||identifier in the English Short Title Catalogue||Munimenta antiqua: or, observations on antient castles <ESTC citation number> T136033||-|
|Czech National Bibliography book ID||P3184||External identifier||identifier for a book at the Czech National Library||Duch Německa <Czech National Bibliography book ID> cnb000567876||-|
These should be used only for editions.
List of qualifiers for works and/or editions.
List of qualifiers for using an edition item as a source for a claim.
See also described by source (P1343) for encyclopaedias and dictionaries as a source.
There are a number of wikipedia articles which deal with a single copy of a book which has become notable for some reason. See Lincoln Bible (Q1816474) and the bibles listed in Category:Individual Bibles (Q8546779). These will need different properties from those used for a literary work.
Where there is only one copy of a literary work then the wikidata page may need both sets of properties.
See Wikidata:WikiProject Visual arts/Item structure for a more properties that may be applicable.
Manuscripts are single copies of literary works, so a manuscript is not the same as a literary work. All the properties, such as author, date of publishing, etc., belong to the manuscript alone. All manuscript items need instance of (P31) manuscript (Q87167). There are some more common items to characterise a manuscript in combination with instance of (P31): codex (Q213924), literary fragment (Q1440453), ostracon (Q834459), manuscript codex (Q2217259), palimpsest (Q274076), Evangeliary (Q1754581), Gospel Book (Q690851), lectionary (Q284465). Please specify the writing material for material used (P186): papyrus (Q125576), paper (Q11472), leather (Q286), parchment (Q226697) sherd (Q1463658). The editor, if there is one, is the one who publishes the text of the manuscript for the first time in print. The publishing date publication date (P577) also belongs to the first printed edition. There is a time, when the manuscript was made, this is done with inception (P571), please choose an appropriate precision level in the advanced adjustments. Choose a location for location (P276) that has the best possible precision, otherwise use the city where P195 is located.
|instance of||P31||Item||instance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and member (subject typically an individual member with a proper name label); different from P279; using this property as a qualifier is deprecated—use P2868 or P3831 instead||Codex Sinaiticus <instance of> manuscript||-|
|instance of||P31||Item||instance of: that class of which this subject is a particular example and member (subject typically an individual member with a proper name label); different from P279; using this property as a qualifier is deprecated—use P2868 or P3831 instead||Isaiah scroll <instance of> scroll||-|
|exemplar of||P1574||Item||property for manuscripts, autographs, incunabula, distinct printed copies||Hohenems-Münchener Handschrift A <exemplar of> Nibelungenlied||-|
|material used||P186||Item||base material: material the subject is made of or derived from||Berlin Codex <material used> papyrus||-|
|collection||P195||Item||collection: art, museum or bibliographic collection the subject is part of||Berlin Codex <collection> Egyptian Museum of Berlin||-|
|location||P276||Item||location: location of the item, physical object or event is within. In case of an administrative entity use P131. In case of a distinct terrain feature use P706.||Berlin Codex <location> Museum Island||-|
|inventory number||P217||String||item of collection or exhibition: identifier for a physical object or a set of physical objects in a collection||Berlin Codex <inventory number> P 8502||-|
|named after||P138||Item||eponym: entity or event that inspired the subject's name, or namesake (in at least one language)||Askew Codex <named after> Anthony Askew||-|
|editor||P98||Item||editor: editor of a compiled work such as a book or a periodical (newspaper or an academic journal)||Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus <editor> Constantin von Tischendorf||-|
|publication date||P577||Point in time||date of publication: date or point in time when a work was first published or released||Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus <publication date> 1843/1845||-|
|inception||P571||Point in time||inception and date of establishment: date or point in time when the organization/subject was founded/created||Gospels of Henry the Lion <inception> 1180er||dissolved, abolished or demolished|
|language of work or name||P407||Item||language: language associated with this creative work (such as books, shows, songs, or websites) or a name (for persons use P103 and P1412)||Book of Kells <language of work or name> Latin||-|
|time of discovery or invention||P575||Point in time||discovery: date or point in time when the item was discovered or invented||Papyrus 1 <time of discovery or invention> 1896||-|
|location of discovery||P189||Item||discovery: where the item was located when discovered||Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 81 <location of discovery> Oxyrhynchus||-|
Periodical and collection of worksEdit
List of additional properties for a journals and multivolume works.
Also look Template:Bibliographic properties.
For parts of a collection of works (like a narrative published within an anthology) please use published in (P1433):
This table groups properties from en:Template:Infobox book and fr:Modèle:Infobox Livre. Please propose new properties here, and update this mapping created by Aubrey.
The participants listed below can be notified using the following template in discussions:
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- Giftzwerg 88 (talk) 23:36, 1 January 2015 (UTC)
- Almondega (talk) 00:17, 5 August 2015 (UTC)
- Jura to help sort out issues with other projects
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- Shilonite - specialize in cataloging Jewish & Hebrew books
- Elena moz
- Oa01 (talk) 10:52, 3 February 2018 (UTC)
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- 徵國單 (討論 🀄) (方孔錢 💴) 14:35, 20 July 2018 (UTC)
- Alicia Fagerving (WMSE)
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- Tris T7 TT me
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- Shooke (talk) 19:17, 12 January 2019 (UTC)
- DarwIn (talk) 14:58, 14 January 2019 (UTC)
- I am Davidzdh. 16:08, 18 February 2019 (UTC)
- Wikidata:Tools: tools for editing pages. Many are especially interesting for books (es. Authority control). Aubrey's favourite are here.
Items without claimsEdit
AJAX-API editors for items, including person, work and edition wikidata elements, that run from any page of any project. The script allows remote editing of the wikidata element linked to that local page through a comfortable user interface. Add the above script line to your
global.js; alternatively you can add it to each wiki individually using your local
common.js on the respective wiki.
Scripts are by User:Vlsergey. Further information available at Wikipedia:WE-Framework
Bibliographical properties (Edit)Edit